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In honey bees, Varroa sensitive hygiene (VSH) behaviour, which involves the detection and removal of brood parasitised by the mite Varroa destructor, can actively participate in the survival of colonies facing Varroa outbreaks. This study investigated the mechanisms of VSH behaviour, by comparing the antennal transcriptomes of bees that do and do not(More)
BACKGROUND Among more than 20,000 species of hermaphroditic trematodes, Schistosomatidae are unusual since they have evolved gonochorism. In schistosomes, sex is determined by a female heterogametic system, but phenotypic sexual dimorphism appears only after infection of the vertebrate definitive host. The completion of gonad maturation occurs even later,(More)
Two new sterols, (24E)-24-n-propylidenecholesterol and 24 epsilon-n-propylcholesterol, were isolated from a cultured marine Chrysophyte. Since most of the steroids found in marine invertebrates are unchanged or modified sterols of algal or symbiotic origin, the discovery of these two unusual sterols in a unicellular alga grown under well-defined conditions(More)
Twelve polycyclic triterpenic hydrocarbons (alpha- and gamma-polypodatetraenes, dammara-20(21),24-diene, 17-isodammara-12,24-diene, eupha-7,24-diene, hop-17(21)-ene, neohop-13(18)-ene, 17-isodammara-20(21),24-diene, neohop-12-ene, fern-8-ene, diploptene and hop-21-ene) were detected in the hydrocarbon fraction from the bacterium Zymomonas mobilis. Some of(More)
The nuclear pore is a key structure in eukaryotes regulating nuclear-cytoplasmic transport as well as a wide range of cellular processes. Here, we report the characterization of the first Toxoplasma gondii nuclear pore protein, named TgNup302, which appears to be the orthologue of the mammalian Nup98-96 protein. We produced a conditional knock-down mutant(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrogen fixing bacteria isolated from hot arid areas in Asia, Africa and America but from diverse leguminous plants have been recently identified as belonging to a possible new species of Ensifer (Sinorhizobium). In this study, 6 strains belonging to this new clade were compared with Ensifer species at the genome-wide level. Their capacities to(More)
Propionibacterium freudenreichii is an Actinobacterium widely used in the dairy industry as a ripening culture for Swiss-type cheeses, for vitamin B12 production and some strains display probiotic properties. It is reportedly a hardy bacterium, able to survive the cheese-making process and digestive stresses. During this study, P. freudenreichii CIRM-BIA(More)
Feeding of [1-(13)C]glucose, [U-(13)C(6)]glucose, [3-(13)C]alanine and [1-(13)C]acetate to Sphingobacterium multivorum showed that this bacterium utilizes the methylerythritol phosphate pathway for the biosynthesis of menaquinone-7 and zeaxanthin, a carotenoid of industrial importance. Differential incorporation of the labeled precursors gave some insight(More)
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