Marine Malbec

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Effective control of HIV-1 infection in humans is achieved using combinations of antiretroviral therapy (ART) drugs. In humanized mice (hu-mice), control of viremia can be achieved using either ART or by immunotherapy using combinations of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs). Here we show that treatment of HIV-1-infected hu-mice with a combination of(More)
The neutralizing activity of anti-HIV-1 antibodies is typically measured in assays where cell-free virions enter reporter cell lines. However, HIV-1 cell to cell transmission is a major mechanism of viral spread, and the effect of the recently described broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) on this mode of transmission remains unknown. Here we identify a(More)
The Fc region of HIV-1 Env-specific broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) is required for suppressing viraemia, through mechanisms which remain poorly understood. Here, we identify bNAbs that exert antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) in cell culture and kill HIV-1-infected lymphocytes through natural killer (NK) engagement. These antibodies(More)
Retroviruses like HIV-1 and HTLV-1 can be transmitted efficiently by direct contact between infected and target cells. For HIV-1, various modes of cell-to-cell transfer have been reported, including virological synapses, polysynapses, filopodial bridges, and nanotube-like structures. So far, only synapses and biofilms have been described for HTLV-1(More)
Newly synthesized HIV-1 particles assemble at the plasma membrane of infected cells, before being released as free virions or being transferred through direct cell-to-cell contacts to neighboring cells. Localization of HIV-1 Gag precursor at the cell membrane is necessary and sufficient to trigger viral assembly, whereas the GagPol precursor is additionally(More)
The authors report a case of a cerebral embolism, with a rapidly resolving course, during late fibrinolysis using tissue plasminogen activator in a patient with a posterolateral myocardial infarction. A review of the literature is used as basis for considering the effects of fibrinolytic treatment on left intraventricular thrombi during the acute phase of(More)
In human cells, endogenous TRIM5alpha strongly inhibits N-tropic strains of murine leukemia virus (N-MLV) but does not target the closely related B-MLV. We have used a shRNA-based loss-of-function screen to isolate factors other than TRIM5alpha involved in the restriction of N-MLV. In one of the isolated clones, the shRNA expressed was found to target the(More)
Periodic hypokaliemic paralysis is an usual cause of severe hypokaliemia. Thyrotoxicosis periodic paralysis (TPP) is less common. Incidence is high in Asian people and rarely reported in caucasian people. We describe the case of a young caucasian male, with a TPP. Clinical symptoms of hypokaliemia are strong, when thyrotoxicosis symptoms appear only on(More)
Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) offer promising opportunities for preventing HIV-1 infection in humans. Immunoprophylaxis with potent bNAbs efficiently protects non-human primates from mucosal transmission even after repeated challenges. However, the precise mechanisms of bNAb-mediated viral inhibition in mucosal tissues are currently unknown. Here,(More)
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