Marine Legrand

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Three of the ten acidic ;pathogenesis-related' (PR) proteins known to accumulate in Nicotiana tabacum cv Samsun NN reacting hypersensitively to tobacco mosaic virus, namely -O, -N and -2, have been shown to have 1,3-beta-glucanase (EC 3.2.1.39) activity. By using sera raised against each protein purified to homogeneity close serological relationships have(More)
Four endochitinases (poly[1,4-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminide)] glycanohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.14) have been purified from leaves of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Samsun NN reacting hypersensitively to tobacco mosaic virus. Two of them are acidic proteins of molecular weights 27,500 and 28,500 and have been identified as 2 of the 10 pathogenesis-related proteins that(More)
Three distinct basic 14-kD proteins, P14a, P14b, and P14c, were isolated from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv Baby) leaves infected with Phytophthora infestans. They exhibited antifungal activity against P. infestans both in vitro (inhibition of zoospore germination) and in vivo with a tomato leaf disc assay (decrease in infected leaf surface).(More)
The biosynthesis of lignin monomers involves two methylation steps catalyzed by orthodiphenol-O-methyltransferases: caffeic acid/5-hydroxyferulic acid 3/5-O-methyltransferases (COMTs) and caffeoyl-coenzyme A (CoA)/5-hydroxyferuloyl-CoA 3/5-O-methyltransferases (CCoAOMTs). Two COMT classes (I and II) were already known to occur in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)(More)
Ten tobacco chitinases (1,4-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminide glycanhydrolase, EC 3.2.1.14) were purified from tobacco leaves hypersensitively reacting to tobacco mosaic virus. The 10 enzymes, which belong to five distinct structural classes of plant chitinases, were incubated with several potential substrates such as chitin, a beta-1,4 N-acetyl-D-glucosamine(More)
Hemodynamics during laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia (isoflurane in N2O/O2 (50%)) were investigated in 15 nonobese ASA Class I patients by using invasive hemodynamic monitoring including a flow-directed pulmonary artery catheter. During surgery, intraabdominal pressure was maintained automatically at 14 mm Hg by a CO2 insufflator, and(More)
In tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Samsun NN), three distinct enzymes account for ortho-diphenol-O-methyltransferase (OMT) activity. OMT I is the major enzyme of healthy leaves, whereas enzymes OMT II and III are preferentially induced during the hypersensitive reaction to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Using an anti-OMT III antiserum, we isolated a partial(More)
We have compared metabolic and respiratory changes after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (n = 15) with those after open cholecystectomy (n = 15). The durations of postoperative i.v. therapy, fasting and hospital stay were significantly shorter in the laparoscopy group. During the first and second days after operation, analgesic consumption but not pain scores(More)
A tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Samsun NN) cDNA clone coding the enzyme phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) was isolated from a cDNA library made from polyadenylated RNA purified from tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-infected leaves. Southern analysis indicated that, in tobacco, PAL is encoded by a small family of two to four unclustered genes. Northern analysis(More)
Among the different enzymatic steps leading to lignin biosynthesis, two methylation reactions introduce the methyl groups borne by guaiacyl (G) and syringyl (S) units. Tobacco possesses a complex system of methylation comprising three classes of CCoAOMTs (caffeoyl-CoA-O-methyltransferases) and two classes of COMTs (caffeic acid OMTs). Antisense plants(More)