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The different members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family act as key regulators of endothelial cell function controlling vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, vascular permeability and endothelial cell survival. In this study, we have functionally characterized a novel member of the VEGF family, designated VEGF-E. VEGF-E sequences are encoded by(More)
Growth of new blood vessels (angiogenesis), required for all tumor growth, is stimulated by the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF is up-regulated in all known solid tumors but also in atherosclerosis, diabetic retinopathy, arthritis, and many other conditions. Conventional VEGF isoforms have been universally described as(More)
Systemic administration of the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor Nomega-nitro--arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) to rabbits bearing a corneal implant blocked vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), but not basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced angiogenesis. L-NAME completely blocked angiogenesis induced by VEGF-transfected MCF-7 breast carcinoma(More)
Transgenic animal studies have linked the expression of the HIV-1 tat gene to the appearance of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-like lesions. We have recently shown that recombinant tat is angiogenic in vivo, and that tat angiogenic response is enhanced by heparin. Also in the rabbit cornea model, recombinant HIV-1 tat alone is poorly angiogenic, but gives a good(More)
c-fos-induced growth factor/vascular endothelial growth factor D (Figf/Vegf-D) is a secreted factor of the VEGF family that binds to the vessel and lymphatic receptors VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3. Here we report that Figf/Vegf-D is a potent angiogenic factor in rabbit cornea in vivo in a dose-dependent manner. In vitro Figf/Vegf-D induces tyrosine phosphorylation(More)
We evaluated the effects of nitric oxide (NO) generators and endogenous production of NO elicited by substance P (SP) in the angiogenesis process. Angiogenesis was monitored in the rabbit cornea in vivo and in vitro by measuring the growth and migration of endothelial cells isolated from coronary postcapillary venules. The angiogenesis promoted in the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelium-specific secreted protein that potently stimulates vasodilation, microvascular hyperpermeability, and angiogenesis. Nitric oxide (NO) is also reported to modulate vascular tone, permeability, and capillary growth. Therefore, we hypothesized that VEGF might regulate endothelial production of NO. The(More)
We recently demonstrated that nitric oxide (NO) significantly contributes to the mitogenic effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), suggesting a role for the NO pathway in the signaling cascade following kinase-derivative receptor activation in vascular endothelium. The aim of this study was to investigate the intracellular pathways linked to(More)
We have investigated the possible effect of substance P (SP), a main mediator of neurogenic inflammation, on the growth of capillary vessels in vivo, and on the proliferation of cultured endothelial cells in vitro. Slow release preparations of SP were implanted into the avascular cornea of New Zealand White rabbits and vessel growth was monitored daily(More)
Almost any growth of tumors is to some extent associated with an inflammatory reaction which may be anti-tumorigenic by acting directly on tumor cells or protumorigenic cells presumably by inducing tumor-associated angiogenesis. In this study, we have analyzed the angiogenesis-inducing capacity of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a key regulatory(More)