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Disconnectivity between the Default Mode Network (DMN) nodes can cause clinical symptoms and cognitive deficits in Alzheimer׳s disease (AD). We aimed to examine the structural connectivity between DMN nodes, to verify the extent in which white matter disconnection affects cognitive performance. MRI data of 76 subjects (25 mild AD, 21 amnestic Mild Cognitive(More)
We examined the effects that may be attributable to current use of anticonvulsants in patients with traumatic head injury. The performances of 15 head-injured matched pairs were compared on a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological and psychosocial measures 1 year post injury. The members of both groups were placed on anticonvulsants, principally(More)
BACKGROUND It is widely known that atrophy of medial temporal structures is present in the mild stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). However, structures such as the thalamus and corpus callosum are much less studied. METHODS We compared the volumes of the entorhinal cortex, hippocampus, thalamus and the corpus(More)
The aminotetralin derivative (+)-UH232 is a dopamine-receptor antagonist with complex pharmacological properties, including a 4 : 1 selectivity for the D3 vs. D2 receptor and a preference for the autoreceptors. Its behavioral profile differs markedly from that of other dopamine antagonists in exhibiting both stimulant and inhibitory features. In an effort(More)
The cellular mechanisms underlying the stereotypical progression of pathology in neurodegenerative diseases are incompletely understood, but increasing evidence indicates that misfolded protein aggregates can spread by a self-perpetuating neuron-to-neuron transmission. Novel neuroimaging techniques can help elucidating how these disorders spread across(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by mental and cognitive problems, particularly with memory, language, visuospatial skills (VS), and executive functions (EF). Advances in the neuroimaging of AD have highlighted dysfunctions in functional connectivity networks (FCNs), especially in the memory related default mode network (DMN). However, little is(More)
We performed a retrospective chart analysis of 33 patients with an Emergency Department discharge diagnosis of phencyclidine (PCP) intoxication. All 33 cases presented to the Emergency Department between November 1986 and April 1987. Thirty of the 33 patients (91%) were classified as mildly intoxicated (per clinical syndrome as described by Aronow and Done)(More)
There is evidence that the default mode network (DMN) functional connectivity is impaired in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and few studies also reported a decrease in DMN intrinsic activity, measured by the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFFs). In this study, we analyzed the relationship between DMN intrinsic activity and functional connectivity, as(More)
BACKGROUND The objectives are to analyze the impact of carotid revascularization on cognitive performance after a 3-month period in patients, who have undergone carotid artery stenting (CAS) or carotid endarterectomy (CEA), and to compare the cognitive outcomes between these 2 groups of patients. This a nonrandomized and prospective single-center(More)
The objective of this study is to determine the current distribution of clinical phenotypes and to estimate future trends of ALS incidence in Western societies. We report on a clinical-epidemiological registry with a capture–recapture rate of >80% and population-based case–control study in ALS patients in South Western Germany. 1163 incidents of ALS were(More)