Marina Wang

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Cellular causes of resistance and limited drug distribution within solid tumors limit therapeutic efficacy of anticancer drugs. Acidic endosomes in cancer cells mediate autophagy, which facilitates survival of stressed cells, and may contribute to drug resistance. Basic drugs (e.g. doxorubicin) are sequestered in acidic endosomes, thereby diverting drugs(More)
BACKGROUND In November 2001, genetic testing for Lynch syndrome (LS) was introduced by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOH) in Ontario for individuals at high risk for LS cancers according to either tumor immunohistochemistry staining or their family history. This article describes the outcomes of the program and makes recommendations for(More)
BACKGROUND The Canadian Open Genetics Repository is a collaborative effort for the collection, storage, sharing and robust analysis of variants reported by medical diagnostics laboratories across Canada. As clinical laboratories adopt modern genomics technologies, the need for this type of collaborative framework is increasingly important. METHODS A(More)
Drug resistance can occur at the individual cellular level or as a result of properties of the tumor microenvironment. The convoluted vasculature within tumors results in robustly proliferating well-nourished cells located proximal to functional blood vessels and regions of slowly proliferating (often hypoxic) cells located distal to functional blood(More)
Enhanced autophagy has been observed in hypoxic regions of solid tumors. Here we address the hypothesis that autophagy is required for survival of hypoxic cells. We evaluated sensitivity to hypoxia of three human tumor cell lines (MCF7, PC3, and LNCaP) and their autophagy-deficient variants with shRNA knockdown of the genes ATG7 and BECLIN1. Hypoxia-induced(More)
Autophagy is a survival mechanism that allows recycling of cellular breakdown products, particularly in stressed cells. Here we evaluate the hypotheses that up-regulation of autophagy is a common mechanism of resistance to chemotherapy, and that drug resistance can be reversed by inhibiting autophagy with a proton pump inhibitor. We exposed human PC3, LNCaP(More)
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