Learn More
BACKGROUND Whether marked LDL reduction to levels well below 100 mg/dL would further reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease is controversial. We compared the effects of 2 statins with widely differing potencies for LDL reduction (pravastatin 40 mg/d and atorvastatin 80 mg/d) on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). METHODS AND RESULTS This was a(More)
The cardiac filling and ejection properties of seven normal human subjects were examined during microgravity created on a National Aeronautics and Space Administration aircraft during parabolic flight. Doppler echocardiography was used to measure intracardiac velocities in sitting and supine subjects during three phases of flight: hypergravity (phase I),(More)
Smallpox is a devastating viral illness that was eradicated after an aggressive, widespread vaccination campaign. Routine U.S. childhood vaccinations ended in 1972, and routine military vaccinations ended in 1990. Recently, the threat of bioterrorist use of smallpox has revived the need for vaccination. Over 450,000 U.S. military personnel received the(More)
Anomalous origin of a coronary artery is rare, but may represent a clinically significant abnormality, since some anomalies are associated with myocardial ischemia, infarction, and sudden death. Diagnosis may elude routine screening procedures, and even when an anomalous vessel is identified angiographically, it may be difficult to delineate its true course(More)
BACKGROUND Both high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) coronary artery calcification (CAC) are valid markers of cardiovascular risk. It is unknown whether hsCRP is a marker of atherosclerotic burden or whether it reflects a process (eg, inflammatory fibrous cap degradation) leading to acute coronary events.(More)
The association between stress and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is becoming established. A mechanistic link clarifying the intermediate steps between the experience of stress and the development of CVD would support this association. We sought to examine the role of perceived stress as a factor associated with disturbed sleep with the goal of providing(More)
BACKGROUND The recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have exposed thousands of service members to intense stress, and as a result, many have developed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The role of military deployment experiences and PTSD in coronary heart disease (CHD) is not well defined, especially in young US service members with recent combat(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Insulin and leptin are important markers of insulin resistance and vascular inflammation in metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. This study evaluated changes in circulating levels of insulin and leptin during a cardiovascular health program to improve our understanding of cardiometabolic risk reduction. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical guidelines for the care of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) recommend evaluation of daytime sleepiness but do not specify evaluation of fatigue. We studied how subjects with and without OSA experience fatigue and sleepiness, examining the role of gender and race. DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS Consecutive subjects entering our heart health(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one killer in the United States. Although the causes of CVD are multifactorial, including genetic and environmental influences, it is largely a preventable disease. The cornerstone of CVD prevention is accuracy in risk prediction to identify patients who will benefit from interventions aimed at reducing(More)