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Human breast cancer (BC) is characterized by a considerable clinical heterogeneity. Steroid hormone receptor expression and growth factor receptor expression have been considered suitable diagnostic and prognostic markers, whereas mutations of oncosuppressor and gatekeeper genes have been found associated with an increased risk for this malignancy. To(More)
It is well established that cancer arises in chronically inflamed tissue, and this is particularly notable in the gastrointestinal tract. Classic examples include Helicobacter pylori-associated gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and inflammatory bowel disease-associated colorectal cancer. Growing evidence suggests that these associations might be not(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine the maximum tolerable dose (MTD) of gemcitabine plus docetaxel, both given on a weekly schedule, in patients with pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC). METHODS Heavily pretreated patients with MBC, aged 18-75 years with World Health Organization performance status of 0-2 were enrolled. Three escalating(More)
A case of hemolytic uremic syndrome is reported in a female patient affected by metastatic breast carcinoma receiving chemotherapy with gemcitabine and docetaxel. Up to now this is the first case that has been reported in the medical literature in patients treated with docetaxel (taxotere)and gemcitabine. The patient developed hemolytic uremic syndrome(More)
BACKGROUND : To date, the standard treatment for patients who have carcinoma of unknown primary site has not been established. METHODS : In this randomized Phase II study, 66 previously untreated patients (33 patients per arm) with carcinomas of unknown primary site received cisplatin (35 mg/m2) and gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2) with either paclitaxel (70(More)
Breast cancer is the most frequent tumor among women worldwide and is the second cause of cancer-related mortality in the US. Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) accounts for less than 10% of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients and about 30% of early breast cancer patients will develop recurrent, advanced, or metastatic disease. It remains an incurable(More)
INTRODUCTION Endocrine therapy is considered the cornerstone treatment for postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor positive metastatic breast cancer. Fulvestrant is a selective estrogen receptor down-regulator (SERD) with demonstrated activity and efficacy in the treatment of these patients. AREAS COVERED The present manuscript aims to review the(More)
The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a three-drug chemotherapy regimen including gemcitabine, carboplatin, and paclitaxel as induction therapy in clinical stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients aged 18-75 years, ECOG PS 0-1, with unresectable clinical stage IIIA or IIIB NSCLC suitable for definitive radiation(More)
Introduction Although hormonal-therapy is the preferred first-line treatment for hormone-responsive, HER2 negative metastatic breast cancer, no data from clinical trials support the choice between hormonal-therapy and chemotherapy.Methods Patients were divided into two groups according to the treatment: chemotherapy or hormonal-therapy. Outcomes in terms of(More)
BACKGROUND Although in clinical practice adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) and endocrine therapy (ET) are administered sequentially in patients with hormone-receptor positive breast cancer, the optimal timing, i.e. concurrent or sequential administration, of these treatments has been scarcely investigated. To better clarify this issue we conducted a systematic(More)