Marina V. Evans

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A physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for trichloroethylene (TCE) in the male Long-Evans (LE) rat was needed to aid in evaluation of neurotoxicity data collected in this rodent stock. The purpose of this study was to develop such a model with the greatest possible specificity for the LE rat. The PBPK model consisted of 5 compartments: brain,(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) has dose-dependent tissue distribution because of induction of CYP1A2, a TCDD-binding protein, in the liver. Induction requires transcriptional activation of the CYP1A2 gene product by TCDD and the Ah receptor. An empirical model for dose-dependent distribution (Carrier et al., 1995, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 131,(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is the most toxic member of a class of planar and halogenated chemicals. Improvements in exposure assessment of TCDD require scientific information on the distribution of TCDD in target tissues and cellular responses induced by TCDD. Since 1980, several physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models for TCDD(More)
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a lipophilic solvent rapidly absorbed and metabolized via oxidation and conjugation to a variety of metabolites that cause toxicity to several internal targets. Increases in liver weight (hepatomegaly) have been reported to occur quickly in rodents after TCE exposure, with liver tumor induction reported in mice after long-term(More)
Strategies are needed for assessing the risks of exposures to airborne toxicants that vary over concentrations and durations. The goal of this project was to describe the relationship between the concentration and duration of exposure to inhaled trichloroethylene (TCE), a representative volatile organic chemical, tissue dose as predicted by a(More)
Arsenic (iAs) is a known human carcinogen and widespread contaminant in drinking water. To provide a quantitative framework for experimental design and hypothesis testing, we developed a pharmacokinetic model describing the uptake and methylation of arsenite (AsIII) in primary rat hepatocytes. Measured metabolites were inorganic As (iAs), mono-methylated As(More)
In this paper we present three physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models for the systemic transport of trichloroethylene (TCE), with a focus on the adipose, or fat tissue. TCE is a widespread environmental contaminant, and has been shown to produce toxic effects in both animals and humans. A key characteristic of TCE is its tendency to accumulate(More)
We have developed a comprehensive, Bayesian, PBPK model-based analysis of the population toxicokinetics of trichloroethylene (TCE) and its metabolites in mice, rats, and humans, considering a wider range of physiological, chemical, in vitro, and in vivo data than any previously published analysis of TCE. The toxicokinetics of the "population average," its(More)
BACKGROUND In support of the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) completed a toxicological review of trichloroethylene (TCE) in September 2011, which was the result of an effort spanning > 20 years. OBJECTIVES We summarized the key findings and scientific issues regarding the human health effects of(More)
beta-Chloroprene (2-chloro-1,3-butadiene; CD), which is used in the synthesis of polychloroprene, caused significant incidences of several tumor types in B6C3F1 mice and Fischer rats, but not in Wistar rats or Syrian hamsters. This project investigates the relevance of the bioassay lung tumor findings to human health risk by developing a physiologically(More)