Marina S Moraitou

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Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease that is mainly due to mutations in the GBA gene. Most of the mutant alleles described so far bear a single mutation. However, there are a few alleles bearing two or more DNA changes. It has been reported that patients homozygous for the [D409H;H255Q] double mutant allele (HGVS-approved(More)
Lysosomal protein 2 (LIMP2), the product of the scavenger receptor class B member 2 (SCARB2) gene, is a ubiquitously expressed transmembrane protein that is the mannose-6-phosphate-independent receptor for glucocerebrosidase (β-GCase); a deficiency in this protein causes Gaucher disease. Several studies have shown a link between mutations in the β-GCase(More)
Sanfilippo syndrome type B [mucopolysaccharidosis IIIB (MPS IIIB] is the most prevalent type of MPS III in Greece, accounting for 81% of all MPS III cases diagnosed at the Institute of Child Health (Athens) over the last 20 years. The majority of the patients originated from East Central/Central Greece, Thessaly, and Macedonia. We present the results of(More)
An increasing number of clinical, neuropathological and experimental evidence linking Gaucher disease and a spectrum of synucleinopathies, including Parkinson's disease (PD) has emerged over the last decade. In particular, several studies, despite individual differences, have shown that mutations in the β-glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) are a risk factor for(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2a and heatshock-cognate 70 proteins, involved in chaperone-mediated autophagy and of glucocerebrosidase, is reported in PD brains. The aim of this study was to identify systemic alterations in lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2a, heatshock cognate-70, and glucocerebrosidase(More)
Homozygosity for D409H has been associated with a unique type III subtype of the disease with a phenotype dominated by severe cardiovascular involvement, whereas neurological findings, if present, are restricted to oculomotor apraxia and features such as visceromegaly are either minimal or absent. Using PCR amplification followed by restriction enzyme(More)
AIM Plasmalogens are phospholipids characterized by the presence of a vinyl ether bond at the sn-1 position of the glycerol backbone. They are particularly abundant in the nervous system, the heart and striated muscle. Peroxisomes are essential for their biosynthesis and red blood cell (RBC) plasmalogen levels are a reliable test in the investigation of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although the first mutation associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) was identified several years ago in the alpha-synuclein (SNCA) gene in families of Greek and Italian ancestry, a more systematic study of this and other known PD mutations has not been performed in the Greek population. METHODS A genetic analysis in 111 familial or(More)
Two families of Greek patients with subclinical to severe cardiomyopathy are presented. The diagnosis of Danon disease was supported by a total lack of LAMP2 immunostaining in cultured skin fibroblasts and muscle biopsies. The LAMP2 mutation carried by one patient (c.928G>A) has already been reported but with different symptoms. The second patient had a(More)
Plasma CCL18/PARC, a member of the CC chemokine family, has been found to be several ten-fold increased in symptomatic Gaucher type I patients. Elevated plasma chitotriosidase levels are a well-known abnormality in Gaucher patients, however, its diagnostic use is limited by the frequent genetic deficiency in the protein. Like the situation in Gaucher(More)