Marina S Lee

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Unlike many other organisms, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can tolerate the loss of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Although a few proteins have been identified that are required for yeast cell viability without mtDNA, the mechanism of mtDNA-independent growth is not completely understood. To probe the relationship between the mitochondrial genome and cell(More)
Cohesion establishment and maintenance are carried out by proteins that modify the activity of Cohesin, an essential complex that holds sister chromatids together. Constituents of the replication fork, such as the DNA polymerase alpha-binding protein Ctf4, contribute to cohesion in ways that are poorly understood. To identify additional cohesion components,(More)
The regulation of p34cdc2 was investigated by overproducing p34cdc2, cyclin (A and B) and the wee1+ gene product (p107wee1) using a baculoviral expression system. p34cdc2 formed a functional complex with both cyclins as judged by co-precipitation, phosphorylation of cyclin in vitro, and activation of p34cdc2 histone H1 kinase activity. Co-production of(More)
To determine how the human cdc25 gene product acts to regulate p34cdc2 at the G2 to M transition, we have overproduced the full-length protein (cdc25Hs) as well as several deletion mutants in bacteria as glutathione-S-transferase fusion proteins. The wild-type cdc25Hs gene product was synthesized as an 80-kDa fusion protein (p80GST-cdc25) and was judged to(More)
In cells of higher eukaryotic organisms the activity of the p34cdc2/cyclin B complex is inhibited by phosphorylation of p34cdc2 at two sites within its amino-terminus (threonine 14 and tyrosine 15). In this study, the cell cycle regulation of the kinases responsible for phosphorylating p34cdc2 on Thr14 and Tyr15 was examined in extracts prepared from both(More)
mik1+ and wee1+ function to regulate the tyrosine phosphorylation of p34cdc2 in Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Lundgren, K., Walworth, N., Booher, R., Dembski, M., Kirschner, M., and Beach, D. (1991) Cell 64, 1111-1122). wee1+ encodes a tyrosine kinase that directly phosphorylates p34cdc2 on tyrosine 15, resulting in the inactivation of the cyclin B/p34cdc2(More)
The spindle checkpoint governs the timing of anaphase separation of sister chromatids. In budding yeast, Mad1, Mad2, and Mad3 proteins are equally required for arrest in the presence of damage induced by antimicrotubule drugs or catastrophic loss of spindle structure. We find that the MAD genes are not equally required for robust growth in the presence of(More)
The evolutionarily conserved spindle checkpoint is a key mechanism ensuring high-fidelity chromosome transmission. The checkpoint monitors attachment between kinetochores and mitotic spindles and the tension between sister kinetochores. In the absence of proper attachment or tension, the spindle checkpoint mediates cell cycle arrest prior to anaphase.(More)