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The process of micelle formation, along with the formation of higher order aggregates, is described for a dirhamnolipid extracellular biosurfactant secreted by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. As determined by surface tension measurements, at pH 7.4 the CMC of dirhamnolipid is 0.110 mM, whereas at pH 4.0 it falls to 0.010 mM, indicating that the negatively charged(More)
We report transverse momentum (p(T)≤15  GeV/c) spectra of π(±), K(±), p, p[over ¯], K(S)(0), and ρ(0) at midrapidity in p+p and Au+Au collisions at √S(NN)=200  GeV. Perturbative QCD calculations are consistent with π(±) spectra in p+p collisions but do not reproduce K and p(p[over ¯]) spectra. The observed decreasing antiparticle-to-particle ratios with(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, when cultured under the appropriate conditions, secretes rhamnolipids to the external medium. These glycolipids constitute one of the most interesting classes of biosurfactants so far. A dirhamnolipid fraction was isolated and purified from the crude biosurfactant, and its action on model and biological membranes was studied.(More)
FTIR spectroscopy and fluorescence polarization were used to show that a bacterial dirhamnolipid interacts with phospholipid membranes composed of DPPC, altering both the acyl chain and the interfacial region of the bilayer. Incorporation of increasing amounts of dirhamnolipid into (2)H-DPPC membranes broadened the transition and shifted the transition(More)
Phosphatidylethanolamine-based pH-sensitive liposomes of various compositions have been described as efficient systems for cytoplasmic delivery of molecules into cells. Incorporation of an amphiphile of appropriate structure is needed for the stabilization and performance of these vesicles. Among the wide variety of interesting activities displayed by(More)
We report a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry A(LL) and the differential cross section for inclusive midrapidity jet production in polarized proton collisions at square root of s = 200 GeV. The cross section data cover transverse momenta 5 < pT < 50 GeV/c and agree with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD evaluations. The A(LL) data(More)
The interaction of a dirhamnolipid biosurfactant secreted by Pseudomonas aeruginosa with bovine serum albumin was studied by means of various physical techniques. Binding of the biosurfactant to bovine serum albumin was first characterized by isothermal titration calorimetry, showing that one or two molecules of dirhamnolipid, in the monomer state, bound to(More)
Saporin-S6 is a plant toxin belonging to the type 1 ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) family. Since it was extracted and isolated from Saponaria officinalis for the first time almost thirty years ago, the protein has been widely studied mainly for its potential applications in anti-tumour and anti-viral infection therapy. Like other RIPs, saporin-S6 is(More)
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Two-particle azimuthal (φ) and pseudorapidity (η) correlations using a(More)
Charged-particle spectra associated with direct photon (γ dir) and π 0 are measured in p+p and Au+Au collisions at center-of-mass energy √ s N N = 200 GeV with the STAR detector at RHIC. A shower-shape analysis is used to partially discriminate between γ dir and π 0. Assuming no associated charged particles in the γ dir direction (near side) and small(More)