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S-Adenosylhomocysteine/5'-methylthioadenosine nucleosidase (EC 3.2.2.9) was purified to homogeneity from Escherichia coli to a final specific activity of 373 mumol of 5'-methylthioadenosine cleaved/min per mg of protein. Affinity chromatography on S-formycinylhomocysteine-Sepharose is the key step of the purification procedure. The enzyme, responsible for(More)
Two thermophilic and thermostable enzymes, isolated from Sulfolobus solfataricus, S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase and 5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase, were exposed to 10.4 GHz microwave radiation in order to discriminate between thermal and non-thermal microwave effects. The exposure causes a non-thermal, irreversible and time-dependent inactivation(More)
We report herein the first molecular characterization of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthio-adenosine phosphorylase II from Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsMTAPII). The isolated gene of SsMTAPII was overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21. Purified recombinant SsMTAPII is a homohexamer of 180 kDa with an extremely low Km (0.7 microm) for 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine. The(More)
The extremely heat-stable 5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus was cloned, expressed to high levels in Escherichia coli, and purified to homogeneity by heat precipitation and affinity chromatography. The recombinant enzyme was subjected to a kinetic analysis including initial velocity and product(More)
Oxidative stress plays a major role in ethanol-induced liver damage, and agents with antioxidant properties are promising as therapeutic opportunities in alcoholic liver disease. In the present work, we investigated the effect of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), Tyrosol (Tyr), and their combination on HepG2 cells exposed to ethanol exploring the potential(More)
In this study, we examine the effect of extra virgin olive oil phenolic compounds on homocysteine-induced endothelial dysfunction and whether the protective effects are related to their different scavenging activities. Structurally related compounds have been assayed for their ability to reduce homocysteine-induced monocyte adhesion as well as the cell(More)
We report here the characterization of the first agmatine/cadaverine aminopropyl transferase (ACAPT), the enzyme responsible for polyamine biosynthesis from an archaeon. The gene PF0127 encoding ACAPT in the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the recombinant protein was purified to homogeneity. P. furiosus(More)
Under the hypotheses of a structurally related binding site for antagonists of G-protein coupled receptors and the ability of cyclic pentapeptides of chiral sequence D1L2D3D4L5 to form rigid structures with which probe the pharmacophoric specificity of these receptors, inhibitors of substance P were designed based on available structure-activity(More)
5'-Methylthioadenosine phosphorylase from Sulfolobus solfataricus, a thermoacidophilic archaeon optimally growing at 87 degrees C, has been purified to homogeneity. Reducing agents are not required for catalytic activity. The enzyme has a molecular mass of 160 kDa and is composed of six apparently identical subunits of 27 kDa. The NH2-terminal sequence(More)
The structure of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase from Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsMTAP) has been determined alone, as ternary complexes with sulfate plus substrates 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine, adenosine, or guanosine, or with the noncleavable substrate analog Formycin B and as binary complexes with phosphate or sulfate alone. The structure(More)