Marina Picca

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The anthropometry-bioimpedance analysis-nutrition (ABN) score is a recently proposed objective method of assessing malnutrition in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) that uses nine parameters based on anthropometry, skinfold thickness and bioimpedance analysis. The aim of this prospective, cross-sectional study was to apply it to children treated(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the sensitivity of anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in detecting alterations in body composition of children treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD), and to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in this population, in short- and long-term PD duration, using anthropometric and BIA-derived indices. PATIENTS(More)
Nightly intermittent peritoneal dialysis (NIPD) is an automated form of intermittent peritoneal dialysis which has potential medical and psychosocial advantages in comparison with CAPD/CCPD due to the lack of daytime exchanges. Data on solute/water removal in children on NIPD are nevertheless scarce, so that no clear indications for NIPD can yet be(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that nasal saline irrigation (NSI) alone can be effective in children with infectious and/or allergic respiratory problems, but no study has assessed the awareness or clinical use of NSI among practising pediatricians. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the use of NSI in pre-school children by primary care pediatricians(More)
 Protein and energy requirements of children on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) have still not been sufficiently well defined, although their adequacy is important to maintain a positive nitrogen (N) balance and prevent malnutrition. We carried out 42 studies to estimate N balance in 31 children over 3 years on APD for 19.8±15.7 months. Twenty metabolic(More)
During the period 1986-1991, the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis collected data from 140 patients younger than 15 years at the start of chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD). In this study we review the Registry's complications and patient hospitalization data. A total of 395 complications directly related to CPD were registered during(More)
Peritoneal teledialysis (telePD) is a modem-based communication link between the patients' cyclers and a computer in the dialysis unit that allows the transmission and storage of a series of automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) treatment data. In order to evaluate the usefulness of telePD in quantifying the problems that may occur during pediatric APD, we(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish a novel nutritional score based on a series of objective parameters capable of detecting protein-calorie malnutrition in children being treated with chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD), to test the score in a healthy pediatric population, and to apply it to children on CPD to evaluate their nutritional status. STUDY POPULATION 264(More)
During the period 1986-1990, 119 patients were enrolled in the Italian Registry of Pediatric CPD. CAPD was largely predominant in the first 3 years, while CCPD accounted for 48% of dialysis months in the period 1989-1990. The connect-disconnect system was a Y set for all patients during the whole observation period. The incidence of peritonitis decreased(More)
Dietary protein restriction, progressive loss of renal adaptive capacity, and uremic toxicity may contribute to the development of malnutrition and water retention in severe chronic renal failure (CRF). Malnutrition is also common in children treated with chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD). It is not clear how the start of CPD influences body composition of(More)