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Complement is an important component of the innate immune system that is crucial for defense from microbial infections and for clearance of immune complexes and injured cells. In normal conditions complement is tightly controlled by a number of fluid-phase and cell surface proteins to avoid injury to autologous tissues. When complement is hyperactivated, as(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in factor H (HF1) have been reported in a consistent number of diarrhoea-negative, non-Shiga toxin-associated cases of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (D-HUS). However, most patients with D-HUS have no HF1 mutations, despite decreased serum concentrations of C3. Our aim, therefore, was to assess whether genetic abnormalities in other(More)
Recurrent haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is a genetic form of thrombotic microangiopathy that is mostly associated with low activity of complement factor H. The disorder usually develops in families, leads to end stage renal disease, and invariably recurs after kidney transplantation. We did a simultaneous kidney and liver transplantation in a 2-year-old(More)
Longevity phenotype in humans results from the influence of environmental and genetic factors. Few gene polymorphisms have been identified so far with a modest effect on lifespan leaving room for the search of other players in the longevity game. It has been recently demonstrated that targeted disruption of the mouse homolog of the human angiotensin II type(More)
In patients with diabetes, impaired ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeats, member 13) proteolysis of highly thrombogenic von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers may accelerate renal and cardiovascular complications. Restoring physiological VWF handling might contribute to ACE inhibitors' (ACEi) reno- and(More)
In thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), activated leucocytes release elastase which mobilises unusually large von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimers from the endothelium. We investigated the effect of an inhibitor of leucocyte elastase (alpha 1-antitrypsin) on circulating vWF and platelet count in a patient with chronic relapsing TTP. alpha(More)
Recent in vitro studies have documented that thromboxane (Tx)A2 induces thymocyte apoptosis by acting on specific receptors abundantly expressed on the surface of immature T lymphocytes. No information is available on the in vivo relevance of this observation in development of self- or acquired tolerance. We and others have previously documented that(More)
C3 glomerulopathy describes a spectrum of disorders with glomerular pathology associated with C3 cleavage product deposition and with defective complement action and regulation (Fakhouri et al., 2010; Sethi et al., 2012b). Kidney biopsies from these patients show glomerular accumulation or deposition of C3 cleavage fragments, but no or minor deposition of(More)