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One-third of HIV-infected individuals worldwide suffer from chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but chronic hepatitis C affects more than 75% of HIV-positive subjects infected parenterally, such as haemophiliacs and intravenous drug users. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, on the other hand, occurs in 10% of HIV-infected persons, coinfection(More)
A study was performed in 10 European health care centers in which 914 patients coinfected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who had elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels underwent liver biopsy during the period of 1992 through 2002. Overall, the METAVIR liver fibrosis stage was F0 in 10% of patients, F1 in(More)
Familial aggregation of non-diabetic end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is found in African Americans and variants in the apolipoprotein L1 gene (APOL1) contribute to this risk. To detect genetic associations with milder forms of nephropathy in the high-risk families, analyses were performed using generalized estimating equations to assess relationships between(More)
BACKGROUND Liver fibrosis is accelerated in patients coinfected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The reasons for this faster liver disease progression are unclear, although higher plasma HCV RNA levels and distinct HCV genotype distribution in this population, compared with in HCV-monoinfected subjects, could play a role.(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B coinfection is common in HIV-positive individuals and as antiretroviral therapy has made death due to AIDS less common, hepatitis has become increasingly important. Several drugs are available to treat hepatitis B. The most potent and the one with the lowest risk of resistance appears to be tenofovir (TDF). However there are several(More)
The existence of von Neumann–Morgenstern solutions (stable sets) for bilateral assignment markets is an unsolved question since Shapley and Shubik (1972). In 1984 Shubik proposed to consider, for each optimal matching, the union of the core of the game and the core of the subgames that are compatible with this matching. We prove in the present paper that(More)