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One of the toxicities linked to the use of antiretrovirals is the elevation of transaminases. Liver toxicity is a cause of morbidity, mortality, and treatment discontinuation in HIV-infected patients. While several antiretrovirals have been reported to cause fatal acute hepatitis, they most often cause asymptomatic elevations of transaminases. Liver(More)
BACKGROUND Liver damage is frequently seen in HIV-positive subjects, often resulting from coinfection with hepatitis B and/or C viruses (HCV), alcohol abuse, etc. However, the etiology of liver disease still remains unknown for a small subset of individuals. METHODS Cryptogenic liver disease (CLD) was defined as persistently elevated aminotransferases(More)
Familial aggregation of non-diabetic end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is found in African Americans and variants in the apolipoprotein L1 gene (APOL1) contribute to this risk. To detect genetic associations with milder forms of nephropathy in the high-risk families, analyses were performed using generalized estimating equations to assess relationships between(More)
The response to pegylated interferon (pegIFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) as treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is lower in HIV-coinfected than in HCV-monoinfected patients and could be due to suboptimal RBV dosing and/or insufficient duration of therapy in prior trials. In a prospective, multicenter, open, comparative trial, HCV/HIV-coinfected(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has become a major challenge in HIV-infected individuals. No data exist on the efficacy and tolerability of pegylated IFN (peg-IFN) plus ribavirin in HIV-co-infected patients. METHODS Subcutaneous peg-IFN (150 microg weekly during the first 12 weeks and 100 microg weekly thereafter) plus ribavirin (400 mg(More)
One-third of HIV-infected individuals worldwide suffer from chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but chronic hepatitis C affects more than 75% of HIV-positive subjects infected parenterally, such as haemophiliacs and intravenous drug users. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, on the other hand, occurs in 10% of HIV-infected persons, coinfection(More)
The role of T-cells in clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) during acute infection is critical. The relevance of the immunological response in the control of HCV replication is less clear in chronic HCV infection. HCV-specific T-cell responses were examined in 92 interferon-naive individuals with chronic hepatitis C. A panel of 441 overlapping peptides(More)
BACKGROUND Relapse after achieving virologic response to anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment considerably reduces sustained virologic response rates. It is unclear what the main predictors of relapse in HCV/HIV-coinfected patients are. PATIENTS AND METHODS The Pegasys Ribavirina España Coinfección (PRESCO) study evaluated short and extended duration of(More)
BACKGROUND Tenofovir (TDF) is an adenosine nucleotide analogue that has been approved for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. It also shows activity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) in patients with or without lamivudine (LAM)-associated mutations. Development of clinical or virological HBV breakthrough during TDF therapy has not been reported so far. The aim(More)