Marina Martano

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Conventional treatment of idiopathic chylothorax (IC) involves thoracic duct (TD) ligation (with/without lymphagiography) combined with subphrenic pericardiectomy. Nine dogs and four cats with IC, which received intrathoracic omentalisation with TD en bloc ligation (not preceded by lymphangiography) and subphrenic pericardiectomy, were evaluated(More)
Osteosarcoma (OSA) is the most common primary bone tumour in dogs. The appendicular locations are most frequently involved and large to giant breed dogs are commonly affected, with a median age of 7-8 years. OSA is a locally invasive neoplasm with a high rate of metastasis, mostly to the lungs. Due to similarities in biology and treatment of OSA in dogs and(More)
Sixty-nine cats were treated for injection-site sarcomas at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Grugliasco, Turin (Italy). The animals were divided into two subgroups: those subjected to four doxorubicin cycles combined with radical surgical excision 10 days after the second chemotherapy cycle (group A, 49 cats) or those treated with surgery alone (group B,(More)
Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) have been known since the early 1990s. After an initial correlation with rabies and feline leukaemia virus vaccination, subsequent studies have demonstrated that an abnormal reaction of feline tissues to chronic inflammation was mainly responsible for the disease. The low incidence of FISS in the population is explained(More)
PURPOSE Due to the many similarities with its human counterpart, canine malignant melanoma (cMM) is a valuable model in which to assess the efficacy of novel therapeutic strategies. The model is herein used to evaluate the immunogenicity, safety, and therapeutic efficacy of a human chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan-4 (hCSPG4) DNA-based vaccine. The fact that(More)
The MET oncogene encodes the receptor for HGF/Scatter Factor, known to control cell motility and invasion in epithelial cells. We report that the Met/HGF receptor, absent in differentiated adult skeletal muscles, is aberrantly expressed in clinical samples and in established cell lines of human rhadbomyosarcomas. In both the embryonal and alveolar(More)
Overexpression of the hepatocyte growth factor receptor (Met/HGF receptor), a transmembrane tyrosine kinase encoded by the met proto-oncogene, has been associated with tumor progression in different human carcinomas. More recently, the Met/HGF receptor has also been described in tumor cell lines of mesenchymal origin, suggesting the existence of an(More)
In human tumors, changes in the surface expression and/or function of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens are frequently found and may provide malignant cells with a mechanism to escape control of the immune system. This altered human lymphocyte antigen (HLA) class I phenotype can be caused by either structural alterations or(More)
Degradation of the extracellular matrix and angiogenesis are associated with tumour invasion and metastasis in human and canine neoplasia. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) are key mediators of these respective processes. Mast cell tumour (MCT) is the most(More)