Marina Maggiora

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PPAR involvement in cell growth was investigated "in vivo" and "in vitro" and was correlated with cell proliferation and apoptotic death. "In vivo" PPARgamma and alpha were evaluated in colon cancer specimens and adjacent nonneoplastic colonic mucosa. PPARgamma increased in most cancer specimens versus mucosa, with a decrease in c-Myc and in PCNA proteins,(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) is a family of several isoenzymes important in cell defence against both exogenous and endogenous aldehydes. Compared with normal hepatocytes, in rat hepatoma cells the following changes in the expression of ALDH occur: cytosolic class 3 ALDH expression appears and mitochondrial class 2 ALDH decreases. In parallel with these(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is thought to have anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory properties, but its effect on cancer cachexia is unknown. Two effects were here investigated: that of CLA on inflammatory mediator production in human lung cancer cells, and that of reduced mediators on the myogenic differentiation of murine muscle C2C12 cells. The(More)
Among diet components, some fatty acids are known to affect several stages of colon carcinogenesis, whereas others are probably helpful in preventing tumors. In light of this, our aim was to determine the composition of fatty acids and the possible correlation with apoptosis in human colon carcinoma specimens at different Duke's stages and to evaluate the(More)
Clofibrate is a hypolipidemic drug belonging to the peroxisome proliferator (PP) family. PPs are well-recognized hepatocarcinogens, though only for rodents and not for humans. Their oncogenicity is usually ascribed to mitogenic or antiapoptotic action. However, we have reported that clofibrate can trigger fast and extensive apoptosis in rodent and human(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated whether the 1 : 2 ω-3/ω-6 ratio may reduce proinflammatory response in human alveolar cells (A549) exposed to an ex vivo inflammatory stimulus (bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients). Methods. We exposed A549 cells to the BALF collected from 12 ARDS patients. After 18(More)
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