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BACKGROUND Sitting time is a prevalent health risk among office-based workers. PURPOSE To examine, using a pilot study, the efficacy of an intervention to reduce office workers' sitting time. DESIGN Quasi-experimental design with intervention-group participants recruited from a single workplace that was physically separate from the workplaces of(More)
Mandates to include women and minority populations in research have heightened the need to identify successful recruitment strategies. This paper describes the recruitment and retention strategies used as part of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a physical activity and dietary intervention targeting low-income, predominantly Latino patients in a(More)
BACKGROUND Pedometers have become common place in physical activity promotion, yet little information exists on who is using them. The multi-strategy, community-based 10,000 Steps Rockhampton physical activity intervention trial provided an opportunity to examine correlates of pedometer use at the population level. METHODS Pedometer use was promoted(More)
BACKGROUND The delivery of effective interventions to assist patients to improve their physical activity and dietary behaviors is a challenge in the busy primary care setting. DESIGN Cluster RCT with practices randomized to telephone counseling intervention or usual care. Data collection took place from February 2005 to November 2007, with analysis from(More)
PURPOSE Maintaining physical activity and dietary improvements achieved during an intervention is important for the long-term health outcomes of breast cancer survivors. This review aimed to determine: (a) the proportion of physical activity and/or dietary intervention trials in breast cancer survivors that assessed post-intervention maintenance of(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity and dietary behavior changes are important to both the primary prevention and secondary management of the majority of our most prevalent chronic conditions (i.e., cardiovascular disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, breast and colon cancer). With over 85% of Australian adults visiting a general practitioner each year, the(More)
AIMS To systematically review studies documenting the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among men and women in Member States of the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC; Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates)-countries in which obesity, Type 2 diabetes and related metabolic and cardiovascular diseases are highly prevalent. (More)
Obesity has been associated with poor health outcomes in breast cancer survivors. Thus, weight loss is recommended for overweight and obese survivors. We systematically reviewed studies (published up to July 2013) that evaluated behaviourally based, weight loss interventions in women with breast cancer exclusively. Completed randomized trials, single-arm(More)
Rapid socioeconomic development in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has resulted in demographic and epidemiological transitions, with obesity, diabetes and other chronic diseases becoming the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. This emerging disease pattern is often attributed to physically inactive lifestyles. Given that there is(More)
Estimating energy requirements is necessary in clinical practice when indirect calorimetry is impractical. This paper systematically reviews current methods for estimating energy requirements. Conclusions include: there is discrepancy between the characteristics of populations upon which predictive equations are based and current populations; tools are not(More)