Marina K. Ayrapetov

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Chromatin remodeling during DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair is required to facilitate access to and repair of DSBs. This remodeling requires increased acetylation of histones and a shift in nucleosome organization to create open, relaxed chromatin domains. However, the underlying mechanism driving changes in nucleosome structure at DSBs is poorly(More)
The complexity of chromatin architecture presents a significant barrier to the ability of the DNA repair machinery to access and repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Consequently, remodeling of the chromatin landscape adjacent to DSBs is vital for efficient DNA repair. Here, we demonstrate that DNA damage destabilizes nucleosomes within chromatin regions(More)
DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair involves complex interactions between chromatin and repair proteins, including Tip60, a tumour suppressor. Tip60 is an acetyltransferase that acetylates both histones and ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated) kinase. Inactivation of Tip60 leads to defective DNA repair and increased cancer risk. However, how DNA damage(More)
Dynamic changes in histone modification are critical for regulating DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. Activation of the Tip60 acetyltransferase by DSBs requires interaction of Tip60 with histone H3 methylated on lysine 9 (H3K9me3). However, how H3K9 methylation is regulated during DSB repair is not known. Here, we demonstrate that a complex containing(More)
Cytokine-activated receptors undergo extracellular domain dimerization, which is necessary to activate intracellular signaling pathways. Here, we report that in prolactin (PRL)-treated cells, PRL receptor (PRLR) undergoes cytoplasmic loop dimerization that is acetylation-dependent. PRLR-recruited CREB-binding protein (CBP) acetylates multiple lysine sites(More)
Protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) are important regulators of mammalian cell function and their own activities are tightly regulated. Underlying their tight regulation, all PTKs contain multiple regulatory domains in addition to a catalytic domain. C-terminal Src kinase (Csk) contains a catalytic domain and a regulatory region, consisting of an SH3 and an SH2(More)
Enzymological studies of Src protein tyrosine kinase have been hindered by the lack of a suitable bacterial expression system. Poor expression of active Src appears to be due to toxicity associated with its kinase activity. To overcome this problem, we fused Src to a protein tyrosine phosphatase with an affinity tag and an appropriate thrombin cleavage(More)
The repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) requires open, flexible chromatin domains. The NuA4-Tip60 complex creates these flexible chromatin structures by exchanging histone H2A.Z onto nucleosomes and promoting acetylation of histone H4. Here, we demonstrate that the accumulation of H2A.Z on nucleosomes at DSBs is transient, and that rapid eviction of(More)
Src protein-tyrosine kinase contains a myristoylation motif, a unique region, an Src homology (SH) 3 domain, an SH2 domain, a catalytic domain, and a C-terminal tail. The C-terminal tail contains a Tyr residue, Tyr527. Phosphorylation of Tyr527 triggers Src inactivation, caused by Tyr(P)527 binding to the SH2 domain. In this study, we demonstrated that a(More)
Protein tyrosine kinases are key enzymes of mammalian signal transduction. Substrate specificity is a fundamental property that determines the specificity and fidelity of signaling by protein tyrosine kinases. However, how protein tyrosine kinases recognize the protein substrates is not well understood. C-terminal Src kinase (Csk) specifically(More)