Marina Gualco

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Natural killer (NK) cells play a key role in tumor immune surveillance. However, adoptive immunotherapy protocols using NK cells have shown limited clinical efficacy to date, possibly due to tumor escape mechanisms that inhibit NK cell function. In this study, we analyzed the effect of coculturing melanoma cells and NK cells on their phenotype and function.(More)
INTRODUCTION Primary hyperparathyroidism is a common endocrine disorder characterized by elevated parathyroid hormone levels, which cause continuous osteoclastic bone resorption. Giant cell tumor of bone is an expansile osteolytic tumor that contains numerous osteoclast-like giant cells. There are many similarities in the radiological and histological(More)
BACKGROUND Uveal melanoma is the most frequent primary tumour of the eye. It is molecularly clearly distinct from cutaneous melanoma and shows a different pattern of driver mutations. The influence of sunlight ultraviolet (UV) exposure on the aetiology of uveal melanoma is a matter of debate. The recent identification of driver mutations in the promoter of(More)
Finding the best technique to identify BRAF mutations with a high sensitivity and specificity is mandatory for accurate patient selection for target therapy. BRAF mutation frequency ranges from 40 to 60% depending on melanoma clinical characteristics and detection technique used.Intertumoral heterogeneity could lead to misinterpretation of BRAF mutational(More)
Uveal melanoma is an aggressive cancer that metastasizes to the liver in about half of the patients, with a high lethality rate. Identification of patients at high risk of metastases may provide indication for a frequent follow-up for early detection of metastases and treatment. The analysis of the gene expression profiles of primary human uveal melanomas(More)
From January 2003 to March 2010, a prospective study was undertaken at the National Cancer Research Institute of Genoa in 15 patients with melanoma who had local recurrence (LR) or a few (≤ 3) in-transit metastases and clinically-negative regional lymph nodes with the aim of defining: i) the feasibility of sentinel node re-staging (r-sN) of the regional(More)
OBJECTIVE Alterations of the p53 gene have been widely suggested to be relevant to the development of endometrial carcinoma. However, contradictory results have been reported when immunohistochemical determination of p53 expression has been correlated with stage and histological features of the tumours. STUDY DESIGN Pathology findings were reviewed and(More)
Ten cases of verrucous carcinoma (VC) of the vulva diagnosed from January 1989 to December 1996 were studied. Patient age ranged from 50 to 83 years. The following examinations were performed on buffered formalin-fixed material: 1). in situ DNA hybridization, probes HPV 6/11, 16/18, 31/35/51; and 2). a series of immunohistochemical stainings to demonstrate(More)
Interleukin (IL)-18 is a proinflammatory and immune-enhancing cytokine, which exerts antitumor effects in vivo, mediated by the induction of interferon (IFN)γ. We previously reported that IL-18 processing is defective in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) cells, which secrete an inactive precursor (pro-IL-18) in vitro. In addition, IL-18 was reported as a(More)
Uveal melanoma (UM) is a rare ocular tumor that may lead to deadly metastases in 50% of patients. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM)10, ADAM17, and the HGF-receptor c-Met support invasiveness in different tumors. Here, we report that high ADAM10, MET, and, to a lesser extent, ADAM17 gene expression correlates with poor progression-free survival in(More)