Learn More
Myelin protein zero (MPZ) is a member of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily with single extracellular, transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. Homotypic interactions between extracellular domains of MPZ adhere adjacent myelin wraps to each other. MPZ is also necessary for myelin compaction since mice which lack MPZ develop severe dysmyelinating neuropathies(More)
Skin biopsy is a minimally invasive procedure and has been used in the evaluation of non-myelinated, but not myelinated nerve fibres, in sensory neuropathies. We therefore evaluated myelinated nerves in skin biopsies from normal controls and patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease caused by mutations in myelin proteins. Light microscopy, electron(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of distal muscle weakness, sensory defects and feet deformities leads to disequilibrium in patients affected by Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) neuropathy. Studies relating the outcome of balance scales and clinical severity of CMT are lacking. AIM To evaluate the accuracy of the Tinetti Balance scale (TBS) and Berg Balance scale(More)
Mutations in the myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene have been associated with different Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) phenotypes, including classical demyelinating CMT1B and the axonal form of the disease (CMT2). The MPZ role in the pathogenesis of both demyelinating and axonal inherited neuropathies was evaluated in the Italian population by screening a(More)
Mutations in the gene MPZ, encoding myelin protein zero (MPZ), cause inherited neuropathies collectively called Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1B (CMT1B). Based on the age of onset, clinical and pathological features, most MPZ mutations are separable into two groups: one causing a severe, early-onset, demyelinating neuropathy and a second, causing a late-onset(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) include a group of neurodegenerative diseases, and so far 46 SPG loci have been mapped and 17 genes isolated. Among the autosomal dominant HSPs (AD-HSPs), SPG10 is a rare form due to mutations in KIF5A gene (locus 12q13.3). We describe the clinical, neurophysiological, morphological and genetic study of an Italian(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A (CMT1A) is a hereditary demyelinating neuropathy due to an increased genetic dosage of the peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22). The mechanisms leading from PMP22 overexpression to impairment of myelination are still unclear. We evaluated expression and processing of PMP22, viability, proliferation, migration, motility and(More)
Mutations in the major peripheral nervous system (PNS) myelin protein, myelin protein zero (MPZ), cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease type 1B (CMT1B), typically thought of as a demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. Certain MPZ mutations, however, cause adult onset neuropathy with minimal demyelination but pronounced axonal degeneration. Mechanism(s) for this(More)
X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT1X) is a peripheral neuropathy transmitted in a dominant manner and caused by mutations in the Connexin 32 (Cx32) gene (GJB1, gap junction beta 1). Here we report the mutation analysis of the GJB1 gene in 76 subjects with possible CMT1 and absence of 17p11.2 duplication, and in 38 CMT2 patients without mutations in(More)
Mutations in small heat-shock protein 27 and small heat-shock protein 22 genes were found in association with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 and distal hereditary motor neuropathy. We searched for mutations in small heat-shock protein 27 gene in an Italian family with peripheral neuropathy and intrafamilial phenotypic variability. A novel heterozygous(More)