Cold stress responses in plants are highly sophisticated events that alter the biochemical composition of cells for protection from damage caused by low temperatures. In addition, cold stress has a profound impact on plant morphologies, causing growth repression and reduced yields. Complex signalling cascades are utilised to induce changes in… (More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroid hormones that are essential for plant growth. Responses to these hormones are mediated by transcription factors of the bri1-EMS suppressor 1/brassinazole resistant 1 subfamily, and BRs activate these factors by impairing their inhibitory phosphorylation by GSK3/shaggy-like kinases. Here we show that BRs induce nuclear… (More)
mutant constructs in transgenic plant lines. CES expression was determined in 2-week-old seedlings of the indicated lines and is shown in comparison to wild-type. GAPC2 was used as an internal control. The error bars are the SD calculated of three independent biological repeats each measured in four technical repeats.