Marina Ciancia

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The antiviral activity against herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 of kappa/l-, partially cyclized mu/v-, and lambda-carrageenans isolated from the red seaweed Gigartina skottsbergii and their cyclized derivatives was analyzed. lambda-Carrageenans and the partially cyclized mu/v-carrageenan were the most potent inhibitors of herpes viruses (including(More)
Root hairs are single cells that develop by tip growth and are specialized in the absorption of nutrients. Their cell walls are composed of polysaccharides and hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins (HRGPs) that include extensins (EXTs) and arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs). Proline hydroxylation, an early posttranslational modification of HRGPs that is catalyzed(More)
A comprehensive analysis of the carbohydrate-containing macromolecules from the coencocytic green seaweed Codium fragile and their arrangement in the cell wall was carried out. Cell walls in this seaweed are highly complex structures composed of 31% (w/w) of linear (1-->4)-beta-D-mannans, 9% (w/w) of pyruvylated arabinogalactan sulfates (pAGS), and low(More)
The green algae represent a large group of morphologically diverse photosynthetic eukaryotes that occupy virtually every photic habitat on the planet. The extracellular coverings of green algae including cell walls are also diverse. A recent surge of research in green algal cell walls fueled by new emerging technologies has revealed new and critical insight(More)
Codium fragile and Codium vermilara biosynthesize water-soluble sulfated arabinans and galactans (and/or sulfated arabinogalactans), alpha(1-->4)-D-glucans and beta(1-->4)-D-mannans. The former polysaccharides are composed by 3-linked beta-D-galactopyranose and beta-L-arabinopyranose residues, they are highly sulfated and substituted with pyruvic acid(More)
The lambda-carrageenan 1T1, the kappa/iota-carrageenan 1C1 and the mu/nu-type 1C3, isolated from the red seaweed Gigartina skottsbergii, proved to be potent and selective inhibitors of herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2. The antiviral IC50 values determined by virus yield inhibition assay in different cell lines ranged from 0.4 to 3.3 microg/ml, and(More)
Bryopsis sp. from a restricted area of the rocky shore of Mar del Plata (Argentina) on the Atlantic coast was identified as Bryopsis plumosa (Hudson) C. Agardh (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) based on morphological characters and rbcL and tufA DNA barcodes. To analyze the cell wall polysaccharides of this seaweed, the major room temperature (B1) and 90°C (X1)(More)
The water extracts from red seaweeds Laurencia obtusa and Laurencia filiformis comprise complex sulfated agarans. Those from L. obtusa have 3-linked β-d-galactose units in part sulfated on 2-position or methylated on 6-position, while the 4-linked units are mostly 3,6-anhydro-α-l-galactose and α-l-galactose 6-sulfate, some of the latter units are(More)
A highly sulfated 3-linked β-arabinan (Ab1) with arabinose in the pyranose form was obtained from green seaweed Codium vermilara (Bryopsidales). It comprised major amounts of units sulfated on C-2 and C-4 and constitutes the first polysaccharide of this type isolated in the pure form and fully characterized. Ab1 showed anticoagulant activity by global(More)