Marina Capece

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Carbachol enhances rapid eye movement (REM) sleep when microinjected into the pontine reticular formation of the cat and rat. Carbachol elicits this REM sleep-like state via activation of postsynaptic muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChRs). The present study used in vitro autoradiography of carbachol-stimulated(More)
Cholinergic neurotransmission in the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) modulates rapid eye movement (REM) sleep generation. Microinjection of cholinergic agonists and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors into the mPRF induces a REM sleep-like state, and microdialysis data reveal increased mPRF levels of acetylcholine during REM sleep. Muscarinic(More)
Mu opioid receptors within the pontine reticular formation contribute to opioid-induced rapid eye movement (REM) sleep inhibition. Mu receptors are coupled to guanine nucleotide binding (G) proteins and this study tested the hypothesis that the micro opioid agonist [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-ol5]enkephalin (DAMGO) would activate G proteins in rat brain stem(More)
Microinjecting cholinomimetics into the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) of conscious cats causes a rapid eye movement (REM) sleep-like state and state-dependent respiratory depression. Muscarinic receptors within the mPRF have been shown to mediate this state-dependent respiratory depression, but the specific signal transduction mechanisms remain(More)
The vesamicol-like compound (+/-)-4-aminobenzovesamicol (ABV) non-competitively inhibits vesicular packaging of acetylcholine (ACh) in presynaptic terminals. This study tested the hypothesis that microinjection of ABV into the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) of intact, unanesthetized cats would inhibit rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.(More)
The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is attracting increasing attention for its involvement in cancer. Several recent studies have shown a crucial role of P2X7R in tumour cell growth, angiogenesis and invasiveness. In this study, we investigated the role of the two known human P2X7R functional splice variants, the full length P2X7RA and the truncated P2X7RB, in(More)
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