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BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) promotes left ventricular (LV) reverse remodelling and affects myocardial collagen turnover in heart failure (HF) patients. Osteopontin (OPN) is a matrix glycoprotein required for the activation of fibroblasts upon TGF-β1 stimulation. In humans, plasma OPN and OPN-expressing lymphocytes correlate with the(More)
Migraine is a common type of headache and its most severe attacks are usually treated with triptans, the efficacy of which is extremely variable. Several SNPs in genes involved in metabolism and target mechanisms of triptans have been described. To define an association between genetic profile and triptan response, we classified a migrainous population on(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Migraine is a debilitating and painful neurological disorder affecting millions of people worldwide and often worsened by chronification. Triptans represent a powerful pharmacological resource in migraine management; nevertheless, a significant portion of treated patients do not obtain consistent pain relief through triptans.(More)
Despite the wide use of 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy, development of severe toxicity that follow the treatment is not a rare event. The efforts to establish pretreatment tools for toxicity prediction, led to the development of various pharmacogenetic and biochemical assays, mainly targeted to assess the activity level of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been introduced to treat drug refractory chronic heart failure (CHF). Apelin, the endogenous ligand of the APJ receptor, is under evaluation for its potential role in human CHF pathophysiology. This study aims to assess whether biventricular pacing affects plasma apelin levels in patients with severe(More)
Antimicrobial peptides constitute one of the main classes of molecular weapons deployed by the innate immune system of all multicellular organisms to resist microbial invasion. A good proportion of all antimicrobial peptides currently known, numbering hundreds of molecules, have been isolated from frog skin. Nevertheless, very little is known about the(More)
The structure of a gene coding for bombinin-like peptides (BLP) in Bombina orientalis was determined. It comprises two exons separated by a 1337 bp intron. Exon 1 codes for the signal peptide, while exon 2 contains the genetic information for BLP-7 and a bombinin H-type peptide (GH-2). The promoter region contains putative recognition sites for nuclear(More)
Mitotane, 1,1-dichloro-2-(o-chlorophenyl)-2-(p-chloro-phenyl) ethane (o,p'-DDD), is a compound that represents the effective agent in the treatment of the adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), able to block cortisol synthesis. In this type of cancer, the biological mechanism induced by this treatment remains still unknown. In this study, we have already shown a(More)
The antimicrobial peptide esculentin 1-21 (Esc 1-21) is a shorter synthetic version of the 46-residue peptide occurring in the Rana esculenta skin secretion. Here we propose an integrated proteomic and transcriptomic approach to interpret the biological effects of this peptide on Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We further investigated the response to this peptide(More)
Chronic migraine (CM) prevalence ranges around 1-5%. Most of these patients usually treat their acute attacks with triptans, whose efficacy is extremely variable. A genetic basis for migraine is evident and many susceptibility genes have been described, as well as gene polymorphisms possibly implied in therapy response. Several factors could be involved in(More)