Learn More
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). After a traumatic brain injury depositions of amyloid beta (Abeta) in the brain parenchyma were found. In this study we investigated the expression pattern of beta-secretase (BACE-1) in ipsi- or contralateral hippocampus and cortex following controlled cortical(More)
BACKGROUND Glyoxalases (Glo1 and Glo2) are involved in the glycolytic pathway by detoxifying the reactive methylglyoxal (MGO) into D-lactate in a two-step reaction using glutathione (GSH) as cofactor. Inhibitors of glyoxalases are considered as anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic agents. The recent finding that various polyphenols modulate Glo1 activity(More)
The molecular mechanisms of beta-amyloidogenesis in sporadic Alzheimer's disease are still poorly understood. To reveal whether aging-associated increases in brain oxidative stress and inflammation may trigger onset or progression of beta-amyloid deposition, a transgenic mouse (Tg2576) that express the Swedish double mutation of human amyloid precursor(More)
Changes in the metabolic activity within the brain of patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD) were investigated and compared with biochemical alterations in the hippocampus induced by fimbria/fornix transection in the rat. The deafferentation of the hippocampus results in a degeneration of cholinergic septo-hippocampal terminals accompanied by a(More)
The activities of hexokinase, aldolase, pyruvate kinase, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase were determined in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in age matched controls. For pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase a significant increase in specific activity was found in frontal and temporal cortex of AD brains,(More)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase is one of the key enzymes in the gluconeogenic pathway predominantly occurring in liver, kidney and muscle. In the brain, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase has been suggested to be an astrocyte-specific enzyme but the functional importance of glyconeogenesis in the brain is still unclear. To further elucidate the cellular source of(More)
Alzheimer's disease is associated with markedly impaired cerebral glucose metabolism as detected by reduced cortical desoxyglucose utilization, by altered activities of key glycolytic enzymes or by reduced densities of cortical glucose transporter subtypes. To determine whether formation and/or deposition of beta-amyloid plays a role in the pathology of(More)
On the basis of the recent cloning of the beta-secretase, the beta-site amyloid precursor protein (APP)-cleaving enzyme (BACE), (Science, 286 (1999) 735), digoxigenin-labelled riboprobes were generated to localize the cellular expression pattern of BACE mRNA in brain sections of transgenic Tg2576 mice, overexpressing the Swedish mutation of the APP695(More)
One of the key functional disturbances in incipient dementia of Alzheimer type is the reduction of cerebral glucose utilization. Morphologically the brains of Alzheimer patients are characterized by multiple depositions of beta A4-amyloid mainly within extracellular senile plaques and in the walls of cerebral blood vessels, but also attached to(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by cholinergic dysfunction and progressive basal forebrain cell loss which has been hypothesized to be associated with extensive accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta). To reveal whether oligomeric Abeta displays a particular toxicity for cholinergic neurons, the cholinergic cell line SN56.B5.G4 (SN56) was used as a(More)