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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a risk factor for the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). After a traumatic brain injury depositions of amyloid beta (Aβ) in the brain parenchyma were found. In this study we investigated the expression pattern of β-secretase (BACE-1) in ipsi- or contralateral hippocampus and cortex following controlled cortical TBI in(More)
The molecular mechanisms of beta-amyloidogenesis in sporadic Alzheimer's disease are still poorly understood. To reveal whether aging-associated increases in brain oxidative stress and inflammation may trigger onset or progression of beta-amyloid deposition, a transgenic mouse (Tg2576) that express the Swedish double mutation of human amyloid precursor(More)
A severe reduction of the in vivo cerebral glucose consumption rate is generally found in patients with Alzheimer's disease. In postmortem studies changes in the activities of key regulatory glycolytic enzymes, including 6-phosphofructokinase (PFK), have been reported in Alzheimer's disease brains, but the results obtained so far are inconsistent and(More)
BACKGROUND Glyoxalases (Glo1 and Glo2) are involved in the glycolytic pathway by detoxifying the reactive methylglyoxal (MGO) into D-lactate in a two-step reaction using glutathione (GSH) as cofactor. Inhibitors of glyoxalases are considered as anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic agents. The recent finding that various polyphenols modulate Glo1 activity(More)
The activities of hexokinase, aldolase, pyruvate kinase, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase were determined in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in age matched controls. For pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase a significant increase in specific activity was found in frontal and temporal cortex of AD brains,(More)
On the basis of the recent cloning of the beta-secretase, the beta-site amyloid precursor protein (APP)-cleaving enzyme (BACE), (Science, 286 (1999) 735), digoxigenin-labelled riboprobes were generated to localize the cellular expression pattern of BACE mRNA in brain sections of transgenic Tg2576 mice, overexpressing the Swedish mutation of the APP695(More)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase is one of the key enzymes in the gluconeogenic pathway predominantly occurring in liver, kidney and muscle. In the brain, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase has been suggested to be an astrocyte-specific enzyme but the functional importance of glyconeogenesis in the brain is still unclear. To further elucidate the cellular source of(More)
ATP-sensitive P2 receptors are suggested to play an important role in the cerebral signal transduction. We examined the expression of the P2Y1 receptor and the possibly downstream-related neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the hypothalamus of rats food-restricted for 3 or 10 days and rats refed after a restriction of 10 days. The restriction caused a(More)
One of the key functional disturbances in incipient dementia of Alzheimer type is the reduction of cerebral glucose utilization. Morphologically the brains of Alzheimer patients are characterized by multiple depositions of beta A4-amyloid mainly within extracellular senile plaques and in the walls of cerebral blood vessels, but also attached to(More)
A possible epigenetic regulation of the two isoenzymes of fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) was studied in liver, muscle, mamma, breast cancer and in different cancer cell lines. Results obtained after bisulfite sequencing revealed a different CpG methylation of both promoters in liver, muscle and breast tissue which is putatively involved in the(More)