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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). After a traumatic brain injury depositions of amyloid beta (Abeta) in the brain parenchyma were found. In this study we investigated the expression pattern of beta-secretase (BACE-1) in ipsi- or contralateral hippocampus and cortex following controlled cortical(More)
BACKGROUND Glyoxalases (Glo1 and Glo2) are involved in the glycolytic pathway by detoxifying the reactive methylglyoxal (MGO) into D-lactate in a two-step reaction using glutathione (GSH) as cofactor. Inhibitors of glyoxalases are considered as anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic agents. The recent finding that various polyphenols modulate Glo1 activity(More)
ATP-sensitive P2 receptors are suggested to play an important role in the cerebral signal transduction. We examined the expression of the P2Y1 receptor and the possibly downstream-related neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the hypothalamus of rats food-restricted for 3 or 10 days and rats refed after a restriction of 10 days. The restriction caused a(More)
A severe reduction of the in vivo cerebral glucose consumption rate is generally found in patients with Alzheimer's disease. In postmortem studies changes in the activities of key regulatory glycolytic enzymes, including 6-phosphofructokinase (PFK), have been reported in Alzheimer's disease brains, but the results obtained so far are inconsistent and(More)
The molecular mechanisms of beta-amyloidogenesis in sporadic Alzheimer's disease are still poorly understood. To reveal whether aging-associated increases in brain oxidative stress and inflammation may trigger onset or progression of beta-amyloid deposition, a transgenic mouse (Tg2576) that express the Swedish double mutation of human amyloid precursor(More)
The activities of hexokinase, aldolase, pyruvate kinase, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase were determined in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in age matched controls. For pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase a significant increase in specific activity was found in frontal and temporal cortex of AD brains,(More)
Changes in the metabolic activity within the brain of patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD) were investigated and compared with biochemical alterations in the hippocampus induced by fimbria/fornix transection in the rat. The deafferentation of the hippocampus results in a degeneration of cholinergic septo-hippocampal terminals accompanied by a(More)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase is one of the key enzymes in the gluconeogenic pathway predominantly occurring in liver, kidney and muscle. In the brain, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase has been suggested to be an astrocyte-specific enzyme but the functional importance of glyconeogenesis in the brain is still unclear. To further elucidate the cellular source of(More)
Alzheimer's disease is associated with markedly impaired cerebral glucose metabolism as detected by reduced cortical desoxyglucose utilization, by altered activities of key glycolytic enzymes or by reduced densities of cortical glucose transporter subtypes. To determine whether formation and/or deposition of beta-amyloid plays a role in the pathology of(More)
BACKGROUND The glyoxalase (GLO)1 is part of a ubiquitous detoxification system in the glycolytic pathway of normal and tumor cells. It protects against cellular damage caused by cytotoxic metabolites. METHODS Aiming at exploring the role of GLO1 in prostate cancer, we evaluated and targeted the expression of GLO1 in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines(More)