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BACKGROUND Robust yeasts with high inhibitor, temperature, and osmotic tolerance remain a crucial requirement for the sustainable production of lignocellulosic bioethanol. These stress factors are known to severely hinder culture growth and fermentation performance. RESULTS Grape marc was selected as an extreme environment to search for innately robust(More)
The development of a yeast that converts raw starch to ethanol in one step (called consolidated bioprocessing) could yield large cost reductions in the bioethanol industry. The aim of this study was to develop an efficient amylolytic Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain suitable for industrial bioethanol production. A native and codon-optimized variant of the(More)
This research is part of a project aimed at verifying the potential of a specifically assessed wooded riparian zone in removing the excess of combined nitrogen from the Zero River so as to reduce nutrient inputs into the Venice Lagoon. Among the specific objectives of the project, there was the determination of change in the composition of the microbial(More)
Bioethanol from lignocellulose is an attractive alternative to fossil fuels, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the most important ethanol producer. However, yeast cells are challenged by various environmental stresses during ethanol production on an industrial scale, and robust strains with a high tolerance to inhibitors, temperature and osmolality are needed(More)
The production of bacteriocins from cheap substrates could be useful for many food industrial applications. This study aimed at determining the conditions needed for optimal production of enterocins SD1, SD2, SD3 and SD4 secreted by Enterococcus faecium strains SD1, SD2, SD3 and SD4, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first use of cheese whey—a(More)
Pyrolysis mass spectrometry (PYMS) and PCR using arbitrary primers were used to characterize strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum isolated from fields in northern Italy. The combination of techniques allowed us to identify bacteria derived from inoculants and to demonstrate that information about the nature of one inoculant was incorrect. PYMS also indicated(More)
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