Marina A. Nesmeyanova

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Phosphonates are a class of organophosphorus compounds characterized by a chemically stable carbon-to-phosphorus (C–P) bond. Wide occurrence of phosphonates among xenobiotics polluting the environment has aroused interest in pathways and mechanisms of their biodegradation. Only procaryotic microorganisms and the lower eucaryotes are capable of phosphonate(More)
Positively charged amino acid residues at the N-terminus of the signal peptide (SP) have been proposed to play a significant role in the initial step of protein secretion in bacteria. To test this hypothesis, Lys(-20) of the Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase SP was replaced by other amino acid residues, and the effect of these substitutions on protein(More)
A wide range (69) of mutant Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatases with single amino acid substitutions at positions from -5 to +1 of the signal peptide were obtained for studying protein processing as a function of the primary structure of the cleavage region. Amber suppressor mutagenesis, used to create mutant proteins, included: (i) introduction of amber(More)
In this report we demonstrate that depletion of the major phospholipid phosphatidylethanolamine, a single non-bilayer forming phospholipid of Escherichia coli, significantly reduces the secretion efficiency of alkaline phosphatase in vivo. Secretion, however, is correlated with the content in membranes of cardiolipin, which in combination with selected(More)
This statistical study shows that in proteins of gram-negative bacteria exported by the Sec-dependent pathway, the first 14 to 18 residues of the mature sequences have the highest deviation between the observed and expected net charge distributions. Moreover, almost all sequences have either neutral or negative net charge in this region. This rule is(More)
The export signal has been assumed to be localized not only in the signal peptide of a secreted protein precursor, but also in the N-terminal region of the mature polypeptide chain. Mutant alkaline phosphatases with amino acid substitutions of two positively charged residues (Lys or Arg) in this region at different distances from the signal peptide have(More)
Replacement of the positively charged signal peptide with neutral or negatively charged peptides due to substitution of Lys(–20) in the N-terminal region of the signal peptide leads to decreases in the rate of prePhoA membrane translocation in vivo and in the efficiency of prePhoA insertion into liposomes in vitro. The effect of anionic phospholipids on(More)
Trimethylamine N-oxide reductase (TorA) is an anaerobically synthesized molybdoenzyme. It is translocated across the cytoplasmic membrane in a folded conformation via the Tat pathway of Escherichia coli. The requirement for phospholipids for the export of this enzyme was analyzed in the pgsA and pss mutants lacking anionic phospholipids and(More)
Isolation of multiple forms of alkaline phosphatase from Escherichia coli cells with repressed and derepressed biosynthesis of the enzyme is reported. Three enzyme forms were isolated from cells with derepressed synthesis, and one form was isolated from cells with repressed enzyme synthesis. The multiple enzyme forms did not differ in pH optimum,(More)