Marimelia Porcionatto

Learn More
The human nerve growth factor receptor (TrkA) contains four potential N-glycosylation sites that are highly conserved within the Trk family of neurotrophin receptors, and nine additional sites that are less well conserved. Using a microscale deglycosylation assay, we show here that both conserved and variable N-glycosylation sites are used during maturation(More)
During development, neural precursors migrate in response to positional cues such as growth factor gradients. However, the mechanisms that enable precursors to sense and respond to such gradients are poorly understood. Here we show that cerebellar granule cell precursors (GCPs) migrate along a gradient of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and we(More)
Cell polarization is essential throughout development for proliferation, migration, and differentiation. However, it is not known how extracellular cues correctly orient cell polarity at distinct stages of development. Here, we show that the endocytic adaptor protein Numb, previously characterized for its role in cell proliferation, subsequently plays an(More)
The purification of two heparitinases and a heparinase, in high yields from Flavobacterium heparinum was achieved by a combination of molecular sieving and cation-exchange chromatography. Heparinase acts upon N-sulfated glucosaminido-L-iduronic acid linkages of heparin. Substitution of N-sulfate by N-acetyl groups renders the heparin molecule resistant to(More)
Extracellular matrix proteoglycans (PGs) and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) play a crucial role in cell differentiation and synaptogenesis by modulating neurite outgrowth. The chondroitin sulfate (CS)-rich PG, the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase zeta/beta (RPTP zeta/beta), has been related to neural morphogenesis and axon guidance. Hippocampal sclerosis is(More)
PURPOSE As reported by several authors, angiotensin II (AngII) is a proinflammatory molecule that stimulates the release of inflammatory cytokines and activates nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB), being also associated with the increase of cellular oxidative stress. Its production depends on the activity of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) that(More)
The distribution and structure of heparan sulfate and heparin are briefly reviewed. Heparan sulfate is a ubiquitous compound of animal cells whose structure has been maintained throughout evolution, showing an enormous variability regarding the relative amounts of its disaccharide units. Heparin, on the other hand, is present only in a few tissues and(More)
Therapy with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has showed to be promising due to its immunomodulatory function. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) triggers immune response and release of inflammatory mediators, mainly cytokines, by glial cells creating a hostile microenvironment for endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs). We investigated the effects of factors secreted(More)
Proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans are elements of matrix. In the nervous system, glycosaminoglycans modulate neurite outgrowth and are co-receptors for growth factors playing a crucial role in cell differentiation and synaptogenesis. The receptor of protein tyrosine phosphatase beta (RPTPbeta) is a chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan which plays an(More)
Cargo sorting that promotes the transport of cargo proteins from a membrane compartment has been predicted to be unlikely in the endocytic recycling pathways. We now show that ACAP1 binds specifically and directly to recycling cargo proteins. Reducing this interaction for TfR inhibits its recycling. Moreover, ACAP1 binds to two distinct phenylalanine-based(More)