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Stimulation of lymphocytes by specific antigens is followed by the activation of different signal transduction mechanisms, such as alterations in the cytoplasmic levels of Ca(2+), H(+) and variations in membrane potential. To study interrelationships among these parameters, changes in pHi and Ca(2+) were measured with the fluorescent probes BCECF and Fura-2(More)
A sodium dependent GABA uptake system has been found in bovine adrenal medulla slices. This uptake has a K m of 83.19±38.45 μM and a V max of 9.20±1.36 pmol/min×mg of tissue. It was inhibited by nipecotic acid and 2,4-diaminobutyric acid (IC50 67 and 38.5 μM, respectively) but not by β-alanine at concentrations up to 5 mM, a result which is similar to those(More)
The levels of neurotrophins and their receptor mRNAs were measured in rat sciatic nerve, after 6 or 12 weeks of streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Expression of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and neurotrophin-4 (NT-4) was decreased by 50 and 29%, respectively, compared with age-matched controls after 12 weeks of diabetes. Expression of brain-derived neurotrophic(More)
Cooling the guinea-pig isolated trachea from 37°C to 20°C virtually abolished the response to CaCl2 (in K+-depolarized tissues) and depressed that to histamine (about 75% reduction), KCl and 5-hydroxytryptamine (around 50% inhibition) while the response to acetylcholine remained unaffected. A further cooling to 10°C was necessary to inhibit(More)
The effects of ouabain, amiloride, K(+)-free solution and low Na+ (25 mM) solution on the responses to CaCl2 (in Ca(2+)-free, K(+)-depolarizing solution), KCl, acetylcholine, histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine were studied in guinea-pig isolated trachea. Ouabain (10 microM) did not alter the contractile responses to CaCl2, KCl and acetylcholine but depressed(More)
Human lymphocytes and rat mast cells, two non-excitable cellular models, were used to investigate membrane potential changes accompanying Ca2+ signals. Cells were stimulated with agents known to induce both Ca2+ release from internal stores and influx of extracellular Ca2+, namely thapsigargin, ionomycin and compound 48/80. Thapsigargin and ionomycin were(More)
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