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The arabidopsis thaliana HY4 gene encodes CRY1, a 75-kilodalton flavoprotein mediating blue light-dependent regulation of seedling development. CRY1 is demonstrated here to noncovalently bind stoichiometric amounts of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). The redox properties of FAD bound by CRY1 include an unexpected stability of the neutral radical(More)
The covalently bound FAD in native monomeric sarcosine oxidase (MSOX) is attached to the protein by a thioether bond between the 8alpha-methyl group of the flavin and Cys315. Large amounts of soluble apoenzyme are produced by controlled expression in a riboflavin-dependent Escherichia coli strain. A time-dependent increase in catalytic activity is observed(More)
The absolute action spectrum of Escherichia coli DNA photolyase was determined in vitro. In vivo the photoreactivation cross-section (epsilon phi) is 2.4 X 10(4) M-1 cm-1 suggesting that the quantum yield (phi) is about 1.0 if one assumes that the enzyme has the same spectral properties (e.g. epsilon 384 = 1.8 X 10(4) M-1 cm-1) in vivo as those of the(More)
Corynebacterial sarcosine oxidase, a heterotetrameric (alpha beta gamma delta) enzyme containing covalent and noncovalent FAD, catalyzes the oxidative demethylation of sarcosine to yield glycine, H2O2, and 5,10-CH2-tetrahydrofolate (H4folate) in a reaction requiring H4folate and O2. The sarcosine oxidase operon contains at least five closely packed genes(More)
Electron spin polarization is a phenomenon characterized by anomalous line intensities (emission or enhanced absorption) in the EPR spectrum. It is highly diagnostic of radical pairs, such as those formed in photoinduced electron transfer reactions. Electron spin polarization behavior (E/A pattern) is observed in light-modulated EPR spectra obtained at 4 K(More)
BACKGROUND Monomeric sarcosine oxidases (MSOXs) are among the simplest members of a recently recognized family of eukaryotic and prokaryotic enzymes that catalyze similar oxidative reactions with various secondary or tertiary amino acids and contain covalently bound flavins. Other members of this family include heterotetrameric sarcosine oxidase,(More)
The apoprotein of hog kidney D-amino acid oxidase was reconstituted with 5-deazaflavin adenine dinucleotide (5-deazaFAD) to yield a protein which contains 1.5 mol of 5-deazaFAD/mol of enzyme. The deazaFAD-containing enzyme forms complexes with benzoate, 2-amino benzoate, and 4-aminobenzoate which are both qualitatively and quantitatively similar to those(More)
Monomeric sarcosine oxidase (MSOX) is an inducible bacterial flavoenzyme that catalyzes the oxidative demethylation of sarcosine (N-methylglycine) and contains covalently bound FAD [8alpha-(S-cysteinyl)FAD]. This paper describes the spectroscopic and thermodynamic properties of MSOX as well as the X-ray crystallographic characterization of three new(More)
Monomeric sarcosine oxidase (MSOX) is a flavoenzyme that catalyzes the oxidative demethylation of sarcosine (N-methylglycine) to yield glycine, formaldehyde, and hydrogen peroxide. MSOX can oxidize other secondary amino acids (N-methyl-L-alanine, N-ethylglycine, and L-proline), but N,N-dimethylglycine, a tertiary amine, is not a substrate.(More)