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Within the framework of the NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change) ground-based FTIR solar absorption spectra have been routinely recorded at Izaña Observatory (28 • N, 16 • W) on Tenerife Island since March 1999. By analyzing the shape of the absorption lines, and their different temperature sensitivities, the vertical distribution of the(More)
The abundance of chlorine in the Earth's atmosphere increased considerably during the 1970s to 1990s, following large emissions of anthropogenic long-lived chlorine-containing source gases, notably the chlorofluorocarbons. The chemical inertness of chlorofluorocarbons allows their transport and mixing throughout the troposphere on a global scale, before(More)
The activity of a (109)Cd solution has been accurately determined without using (109)Cd nuclear decay data such as emission probabilities. An ampoule containing this calibrated (109)Cd solution was sent to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures to include the activity result in the database of the International Reference System (SIR). The emission(More)
Standardization by means of 4pibeta-gamma coincidence counting was applied to calibrate a 65Zn solution within the scope of EUROMET project no. 721. The activity result was combined with gamma-ray spectrometry measurements to investigate the photon emission probabilities. The half-life of 65Zn was measured with improved accuracy by means of 4pi ionization(More)
Historically, X-ray imaging has been used to determine geometric and qualitative intensity information, such as tooth damage or star luminosity. For many endeavors, including astronomy, non-destructive testing, medicine, and plasma physics, the ability to measure accurately the X-ray intensity in a specific energy interval has become more important. But the(More)
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