Marilyn Rochefort

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BACKGROUND Controversy exists whether different continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) weaning methods influence time to wean off CPAP, CPAP duration, oxygen duration, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) or length of admission. AIMS In a multicentre randomised controlled trial, the authors have primarily compared CPAP weaning methods impact on time to(More)
Ultrasound brain scans were obtained daily for the first 5 days after birth, on day 7 and then weekly until discharge from hospital in 86 babies during a 12-month period. The babies weighed less than 1501 g or were less than 34 weeks gestational age. Fifty-one (59%) had normal scans, 34 (40%) developed periventricular haemorrhage, and seven (8%) developed(More)
Cysts in the periventricular region of the brain were demonstrated by ultrasound in eight of 102 preterm infants (birthweight less than 1501g or less than 34 weeks gestation) during a 14-month period. All eight babies survived, but developed serious neurological problems: five had spastic quadriplegia and three had spastic diplegia. Six had impaired vision(More)
Urine osmolality was studied in 38 babies nursed in conventional incubators or cots and 18 nursed under an overhead radiant heat shield. Among 50 babies receiving a similar fluid intake in the first 48 hours of life mean urinary osmolality was significantly higher in the radiant heater group. In babies weighing less than 1500 g a trend towards higher(More)
We have determined the influence of the severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) on development at 3 years of age in infants <29 weeks gestation from a population-based cohort. Primary analysis of surviving infants born <29 weeks gestational age (GA) from 1998 to 2001 in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory were grouped according to(More)
Intracranial pressure was estimated by a new pneumatic applanation fontanometer in babies in intensive care. A close correlation with cerebrospinal fluid pressure was found on 35 separate occasions. In 12 control babies the mean (SD) fontanelle pressure was 5.2 (2.2) cm H2O, in eight with a hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy it was 12.6 (4.3) cm H2O, and in(More)
A new system has been developed for the non-invasive monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) across the anterior fontanelle in the newborn. The system comprises a very small pneumatic sensor linked via two vinyl tubes to an instrument where the ICP value is displayed. The sensor is simply bonded to the anterior fontanelle, using industrial collodion(More)
A preterm infant was born at 35 weeks gestation after failed antenatal antiarrhythmic therapy. The infant had an incessant supraventricular tachycardia, impaired ventricular function and hypotension and failed to respond to adenosine, cardioversion and intravenous amiodarone. After resuscitation from cardiovascular collapse, a successful radiofrequency(More)