Marilyn Lacroix

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the associations between adiponectin levels and 1) the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and 2) insulin resistance/sensitivity, β-cell function, and compensation indices in a prospective cohort representative of the general population of pregnant women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We performed anthropometric(More)
The progressive increase of insulin resistance observed in pregnancy contributes to the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). There is controversy whether vitamin D deficiency contributes to abnormal glycemic regulation in pregnancy. We tested the associations between first trimester 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and: 1) the risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In non-pregnant populations, low leptin levels stimulate positive energy balance. In pregnancy, both the placenta and adipose tissue contribute to circulating leptin levels. We tested whether maternal leptin levels are associated with subsequent GWG and whether(More)
OBJECTIVE Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with increased birth weight and neonatal adiposity. However, timing of excessive GWG may have a differential impact on birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of early and mid/late excessive GWG on newborn anthropometry in the context of the Canadian clinical(More)
BACKGROUND During pregnancy, maternal circulating leptin is released by maternal adipose tissue and the placenta, and may have a role in fetal development. OBJECTIVES We investigated maternal leptinemia and glycemia associations with neonatal adiposity, taking into account pregravid weight status. METHODS We included 235 pregnant women from the Genetics(More)
INTRODUCTION TNFα is suspected to play a role in inflammation and insulin resistance leading to higher risk of metabolic impairment. Controversies exist concerning the role of TNFα in gestational insulin resistance. We investigated the interrelations between TNFα and insulin resistance in a large population-based cohort of pregnant women. METHODS Women (n(More)
PURPOSE We initiated the Genetics of Glucose regulation in Gestation and Growth (Gen3G) prospective cohort to increase our understanding of biological, environmental and genetic determinants of glucose regulation during pregnancy and their impact on fetal development. PARTICIPANTS Between January 2010 and June 2013, we invited pregnant women aged ≥ 18(More)
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) lead to high rates of maternal and fetal morbidity. Existing studies on inflammatory marker TNFα in HDP offspring are inconsistent. We performed a population-based cohort study of 636 pregnancies, including normotensive (NT) women and women with preeclampsia (PE) or gestational hypertension (GH). TNFα was measured(More)
Leptin is an adipokine that acts in the central nervous system and regulates energy balance. Animal models and human observational studies have suggested that leptin surge in the perinatal period has a critical role in programming long-term risk of obesity. In utero exposure to maternal hyperglycemia has been associated with increased risk of obesity later(More)
BACKGROUND Despite recommendations to use inhaled corticosteroids as treatment to control asthma during pregnancy, it is unknown whether inhaled fluticasone propionate (FP) reaches the fetus. Results & methodology: We collected maternal blood on the morning following delivery. FP was detected by ultra-performance LC-MS/MS (UPLC-MS/MS) in 9/17 asthmatic(More)