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The goals of this study were to determine whether the Fas-dependent apoptosis pathway is active in the lungs of patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and whether this pathway can contribute to lung epithelial injury. We found that soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) is present in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of patients before and after(More)
Group B streptococci (GBS) are the leading cause of meningitis in newborns. Although meningitis develops following bacteremia, the precise mechanism or mechanisms whereby GBS leave the bloodstream and gain access to the central nervous system (CNS) are not known. We hypothesized that GBS produce meningitis because of a unique capacity to invade human brain(More)
Little is known about neutrophil (PMN) apoptosis in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We uses morphologic criteria to count apoptotic PMN in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) of 35 patients on Days 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 of ARDS and 13 patients on Days 1 and 3 of risk for ARDS. We found that the proportion of apoptotic PMN in BAL was low(More)
Inhalation of antigen in immunized mice induces an infiltration of eosinophils into the airways and increased bronchial hyperreactivity as are observed in human asthma. We employed a model of late-phase allergic pulmonary inflammation in mice to address the role of leukotrienes (LT) in mediating airway eosinophilia and hyperreactivity to methacholine.(More)
Epidemiologic, serologic, and molecular phylogenetic methods were used to investigate an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza on a broiler breeding farm in Saskatchewan, Canada. Results, coupled with data from influenza A virus surveillance of migratory waterfowl in Canada, implicated wild birds as the most probable source of the low pathogenicity(More)
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