Marilyn J. Halonen

Learn More
BACKGROUND Many young children wheeze during viral respiratory infections, but the pathogenesis of these episodes and their relation to the development of asthma later in life are not well understood. METHODS In a prospective study, we investigated the factors affecting wheezing before the age of three years and their relation to wheezing at six years of(More)
BACKGROUND Increased levels of total serum IgE are a strong risk factor for the development of asthma. IgE is also involved in host defenses against parasites and fungi. Linkage of total serum IgE with markers located close to the 3 Mb cluster of cytokine genes in chromosome 5q31 has been reported. IL-4 or IL-13 are regarded as essential for IgE synthesis.(More)
BACKGROUND The relation between lower respiratory tract illnesses in early life caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and the subsequent development of wheezing and atopy in childhood is not well understood. We studied this relation in children who had lower respiratory tract illnesses that occurred before 3 years of age. METHODS Children were(More)
Total serum immunoglobulin (Ig)E levels are genetically regulated, but the mechanism of inheritance is not well understood. Cytokines produced by T-helper (Th)1 and Th2 lymphocytes control IgE synthesis. Bacterial antigens may favor the development of Th1 cells from naive CD4-positive T cells through a CD14-dependent pathway. CD14 is constitutively(More)
We investigated the association of self-reported asthma or allergic rhinitis with serum IgE levels and skin-test reactivity to allergens in 2657 subjects in a general-population study. Regardless of the subjects' status with respect to atopy or their age group, the prevalence of asthma was closely related to the serum IgE level standardized for age and sex(More)
CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor that plays a central role in innate immunity through recognition of bacterial lipoglycans, primarily LPS. Recently, our group has identified a common single nucleotide polymorphism, -159C-->T, in the CD14 proximal promoter. Homozygous carriers of the T allele have a significant increase in soluble CD14, but a decreased(More)
BACKGROUND A number of cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that higher levels of IgE are found in subjects who currently smoke cigarettes and/or who are atopic and that IgE levels decline with age. OBJECTIVE This report examines the interactions among atopic status, smoking, and IgE with longitudinal data and methods. METHODS Subjects were(More)
The relationships of asthma and allergic rhinitis with individual immediate skin test responses were examined for preferential associations and for changes with age in children raised in a semiarid environment. Prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma was 9.8% at age 6 (n = 948) and 15.5% at age 11 (n = 895). Immediate skin test responses to Bermuda grass(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested that a restrictive pattern assessed with a single spirometric test is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This study was undertaken to determine demographic, clinical and mortality profiles of subjects with either a recurrent or an inconsistent restrictive spirometric pattern assessed prospectively. (More)
The authors have characterized the muscarinic cholinergic receptor subtypes in human peripheral lung membranes using the selective muscarinic antagonist [3H]pirenzepine [( 3H]PZ) and the classical muscarinic antagonist [3H](-)-quinuclidinyl benzilate. High-affinity binding with pharmacologic specificity was demonstrated for both radioligands. The high(More)