Marilyn J Clapp

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A single i.p. injection of methyl methanesulphonate (MMS; 40 mg/kg) to male rats, followed by their sequential mating over 4-28 days post-dosing, was shown to induce dominant lethal (DL) effects in two strains of rats and in four separate experiments. Activity was evident between 4 days post-dosing (sampling treated spermatozoa) and 28 days post-dosing(More)
Comprehensive toxicological studies of the herbicide acetochlor are presented and discussed. Although it gave a negative profile of responses in the many toxicity tests conducted there were some findings that prompted further investigation. First, although non-mutagenic in the Salmonella assay, acetochlor was clastogenic to mammalian cells treated in vitro.(More)
The rodent dominant lethal (DL) germ cell mutagenicity assay is the primary test for possible human germ cell mutagens. As such, it occupies a critical regulatory position. DL assay data are often difficult to assess because of the quantity of data involved, and because several related assay parameters require to be considered simultaneously. To reduce this(More)
The bodyweight, food consumption and various biochemical and haematological parameters were measured in, and breeding and histological studies made of, groups of rats fed 6 different diets. All diets acceptably supported reproduction. 1 diet restricted bodyweight gain by 30% and increased plasma alanine transaminase activity. Nephrocalcinosis was seen in(More)
In 4 separate dominant lethal experiments groups of mice of either Charles River CD1 or Alderley Park strains were fed laboratory diets (Oakes, 41B, PRD, BP nutrition rat and mouse maintenance diet No. 1). The diets were either untreated (negative control diets) or irradiated at 1, 2.5 and 5 megarad and were freshly irradiated, or stored. The animals were(More)
The herbicide paraquat has been widely used throughout the world for almost 50 years and is important in sustainable agriculture. When used correctly the chemical poses no known risk to human health. However, it is acutely toxic, and can be fatal, if the concentrated product is ingested orally. Despite many years of research there is no successful treatment(More)
The herbicide acetochlor, and its analogue alachlor, have similar toxicological properties, the most significant being the induction of nasal adenomas in rats in 2-year feeding studies. Previous investigations have proposed a mode of action involving metabolism to a quinone-imine, the formation of protein adducts, cell death, and compensatory hyperplasia(More)
When glycerol was added to tobacco smoke condensate in acetone solvent, the topical carcinogenicity and the ability to produce epithelial hyperplasia in mice was reduced. Two doses of condensate were applied, combined with 2 concentrations of added glycerol. Age-standardized results show that glycerol reduced the incidence of tumours and malignant tumours(More)
Male rat dominant lethal (DL) assays conducted on the herbicide acetochlor are described. Single dose studies conducted at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD, < or = 1000 mg/kg) produced no effects on any of the DL assay parameters at any of the ten weekly sampling periods. It is concluded that acetochlor is non-mutagenic to rat germ cells. Due to initial(More)