Marilyn E. Scott

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Experiments were undertaken to investigate the factors which influence the transmission dynamics of Gyrodactylus bullatarudis within populations of laboratory guppies. The parasites possess a number of biological attributes which are almost unique amongst helminth parasites of vertebrates. These include the ability to reproduce viviparously and directly on(More)
Protein malnutrition may increase susceptibility to gastrointestinal parasitic infections, possibly as a result of impaired intestinal and/or systemic T helper 2 (Th2) effector responses induced by down-regulation of Th2 cytokines and/or up-regulation of Th1 cytokines. To test this hypothesis, female BALB/c mice (n = 18/diet) were fed a control (24%),(More)
BACKGROUND The soil-transmitted helminths (STH) Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura are gastrointestinal parasites causing many disabilities to humans, particularly children. The benzimidazole (BZ) drugs, albendazole (ALB) and mebendazole (MBZ), are commonly used for mass treatment for STH. Unfortunately, there is concern that increased use of(More)
Nutritionists have long understood that intestinal nematode parasites have deleterious effects on host nutritional status, but only recently has the importance of malnutrition as a predisposing factor to intestinal nematodes been recognized. Here we review experimental and field studies on the effects of protein, energy, zinc, vitamin A, and iron(More)
Benzimidazole anthelmintics are the most common chemotherapeutic agents used to remove intestinal helminths from farm animals. The development of drug resistance within helminth populations is wide-spread and can render these drugs essentially useless. The mechanism of benzimidazole resistance appears to be common to many species ranging from fungi to(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated the relative influence of individual susceptibility versus household exposure factors versus regional clustering of infection on soil transmitted helminth (STH) transmission. The present study examined reinfection dynamics and spatial clustering of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm in an(More)
BALB/c mice were characterized as more resistant to infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus (Nematoda) than C57BL/6 mice based on lower establishment and survival during a primary infection and stronger protection induced by an immunizing regime. It was hypothesized, therefore, that C57BL/6 mice would be more heavily infected than BALB/c mice when they(More)
This study examined whether the impaired immune responses in zinc deficient- and/or energy-restricted mice exposed to a challenge infection of Heligmosomoides polygyrus might be associated with reduced numbers of spleen cells, altered proportions of spleen cell subpopulations and/or altered function of the T cells or antigen-presenting cells (APC). Female(More)
Fecal egg count scores were used to investigate the distribution and abundance of intestinal helminths in the population of a rural village. Prevalences of the major helminths were 41% with Ascaris lumbricoides, 60% with Trichuris trichiura and 50% with Necator americanus. All three parasites showed a highly aggregated distribution among hosts.(More)
A strain of Haemonchus contortus showing moderate levels of resistance to thiabendazole (TBZ) (egg hatch assay LC50 2.1 microM) was subjected, in alternating sequence, to 5 in vitro and 4 in vivo selections with TBZ. This resulted in a significant increase in resistance (egg hatch assay LC50 2.8 microM). The isolates obtained after each combined in vitro(More)