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A Consensus Conference utilizing available literature and expert opinion sponsored by the American College of Medical Genetics in October 1995 evaluated the rational approach to the individual with mental retardation. Although no uniform protocol replaces individual clinician judgement, the consensus recommendations were as follows: 1. The individual with(More)
The nucleotide sequence of an infectious clone of rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) DNA has been determined. The circular genome has 8002 bp and one strand contains four open reading frames (ORFs). One ORF is potentially capable of encoding a protein of 24 kD (P24) and has no initiation (ATG) codon. The other three ORFs potentially encode proteins of 12(More)
Jacobsen syndrome is caused by segmental aneusomy for the distal end of the long arm of chromosome 11. Typical features include mild to moderate psychomotor retardation, trigonocephaly, facial dysmorphism, cardiac defects, and thrombocytopenia, though none of these features are invariably present. To define the critical regions responsible for these(More)
Mutations have been reported for several craniosynostotic disorders in exon IIIa (exon U or 7) or IIIc (exon B or 9) of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene (FGFR2). Among the conditions with FGFR2 mutations are two autosomal dominant syndromes, Crouzon and Jackson-Weiss. In this study, 24 Crouzon and one Jackson-Weiss syndrome patients were(More)
The RSH/Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (RSH/SLOS) is an autosomal recessive malformation syndrome associated with increased levels of 7-dehydro-cholesterol (7-DHC) and a defect of cholesterol biosynthesis at the level of 3 beta-hydroxy-steroid-delta7-reductase (7-DHC reductase). Because rats exposed to inhibitors of 7-DHC reductase during development have a(More)
Chromosome 6 is a metacentric chromosome that constitutes about 6% of the human genome. The finished sequence comprises 166,880,988 base pairs, representing the largest chromosome sequenced so far. The entire sequence has been subjected to high-quality manual annotation, resulting in the evidence-supported identification of 1,557 genes and 633 pseudogenes.(More)
Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS), an autosomal dominant disorder, is characterized by cleft palate, cardiac defects, learning disabilities and a typical facial appearance. Less frequently, VCFS patients have manifestations of the DiGeorge complex (DGC) including hypocalcemia, hypoplastic or absent lymphoid tissue and T-cell deficiency suggesting that(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary lymphoedema-distichiasis (LD) is an autosomal dominant disorder that classically presents as lymphoedema of the limbs, with variable age of onset, and extra aberrant growth of eyelashes from the Meibomian gland (distichiasis). Other major reported complications include cardiac defects, cleft palate, and extradural cysts. Photophobia,(More)
The reference sequence for each human chromosome provides the framework for understanding genome function, variation and evolution. Here we report the finished sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. Chromosome 1 is gene-dense, with 3,141 genes and 991 pseudogenes, and many coding sequences overlap. Rearrangements and mutations of(More)
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a sporadically occurring neurocutaneous disorder characterized by ocular anomalies, skin lesions, and CNS anomalies. We report on four new patients with this syndrome. Additionally, we reviewed (i) the brain imaging studies and clinical data of these new cases of ECCL and six other previously published ECCL(More)