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The individual members of a homologous series of phenoxazone ethers related to ethoxyresorufin were O-dealkylated, and the parent compound phenoxazone was ring-hydroxylated, each at different rates with hepatic microsomes of untreated rats. A structure-activity relationship (SAR) was plotted, relating the rate of O-dealkylation to the length and type of the(More)
The O-dealkylations of ethoxyresorufin and pentoxyresorufin are widely used activity probes for measuring the cytochrome P450 forms, CYP1A1 and CYP2B1, respectively, and their induction by xenobiotics, but there is confusion in the literature about which P450 forms are detected in human and rat liver microsomes by these and homologous alkoxyresorufins. High(More)
Interactions of six naturally occurring flavonoids (acacetin, diosmetin, eriodictyol, hesperetin, homoeriodictyol, and naringenin) with human cytochrome P450 (CYP1) enzymes were studied. The flavones acacetin and diosmetin were potent inhibitors of ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (EROD) activity of CYP1A and CYP1B1. Hydroxy and/or methoxy substitutions at the(More)
The cytochromes P450 are a key group of enzymes involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics and several biologically active endogenous compounds. The expression of CYP3A5 has been identified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in human pituitary gland and shown by immunohistochemistry to be localized to growth hormone containing cells of the(More)
The major groups of enzymes involved in activating and detoxifying therapeutic drugs, not least several anti-cancer drugs, include the cytochromes P450 (P450s), epoxide hydrolase, and glutathione S-transferases (GSTs). The expression of these enzymes in malignant tumours is one possible mechanism of anti-cancer drug resistance. This study has investigated(More)
58C80 [2-(4-t-butylcyclohexyl)-3-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone] is an experimental naphthoquinone antimalarial drug which undergoes extensive alkyl hydroxylation to a single t-butylhydroxy metabolite in man in vivo and also in human liver microsomes, where this is catalysed primarily by a 54 kDa CYP2C9 form of cytochrome P450, P450hB20-27. Microsomal 58C80(More)
Cytochrome P450 CYP1B1 is a recently cloned dioxin-inducible form of the cytochrome P450 family of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. An antibody raised against a peptide specific for CYP1B1 was found to recognize CYP1B1 expressed in human lymphoblastoid cells but not to recognize other forms of cytochrome P450, particularly CYP1A1 and CYP1A2. Using this(More)
The O-dealkylation of pentoxyresorufin (7-pentoxyphenoxazone) by rat liver microsomes was examined. The reaction appeared highly specific for certain phenobarbital inducible forms of cytochrome P-450 and was increased 95- to 140-fold by animal pretreatment with phenobarbital (75 mg/kg/day, four ip injections) and approximately 50-fold by Aroclor 1254 (500(More)