Marilyn A. Niemann

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Accumulating amino acid sequence data have made it increasingly evident that many essential complement proteins have potentially modifiable lysine residues in putative critical functional regions. Evidence is now presented that glucose is covalently attached to lysine-266 of purified human complement Factor B as a result of glycation. Purified B was treated(More)
A sensitive solid-phase radioimmunoassay is described which quantitates human D to 1-2 ng/ml. The assay was used to measure the concentration of D in normal and acute-phase sera and sera from individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus. All 3 groups of sera had comparable levels of D with mean values of 1.8, 2.3 and 2.5 micrograms/ml, respectively. Also(More)
SPAAT (short piece of alpha 1-antitrypsin [AAT]), the 44-residue C-terminal peptide of AAT, was originally isolated from human placenta [Niemann et al. (1992): Matrix 12:233-241]. It was shown to be a competitive inhibitor of serine proteases [Niemann et al. (in press): Biochem Biophys Acta]. The binding of SPAAT to one or more proteins of the extracellular(More)
alpha 1-Antitrypsin (AAT) is a potent fluid-phase inhibitor of serine proteases. It forms a tightly bound, stoichiometric complex with these enzymes and is inactivated by cleavage within its reactive center. Evidence is here presented, that the 44-residue C-terminal fragment of AAT, termed SPAAT (short peptide from AAT), is found in human tissue, where it(More)
A recently described procedure for amino acid analyses has been modified and adapted for use in quantitating the unique mixture of products commonly found in hydrolysates of the collagens. The method involves precolumn derivatization of hydrolysates with 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (FMOC-CL), chromatographic separation of the derivatives and excess(More)
The specificity and reactivity of complement serine proteases D, B, Bb, C2, and C2a were determined using a series of peptide thioester substrates. The rates of thioester hydrolysis were measured using assay mixtures containing the thiol reagent 4,4'-dithiodipyridine at pH 7.5. Each substrate contained a P1 arginine residue, and the effect of various groups(More)
SPAAT has previously been shown to be a competitive inhibitor of the model serine protease, chymotrypsin. We now present evidence that SPAAT is likewise a competitive inhibitor of human neutrophil elastase and cathepsin G with Ki's of 15-20 and 40 microM, respectively. The mechanism of this inhibition was investigated by comparing the relative effectiveness(More)
The primary structure of human D, the serine protease activating the C3 convertase of the alternative complement pathway, has been deduced by sequencing peptides derived from various chemical (CNBr and o-iodosobenzoic acid) and enzymatic (trypsin, lysine protease, Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease, and chymotrypsin) cleavages. Carboxypeptidase A was also(More)
The ability of C fragments to induce IL-1 production in human monocytes was examined by using various approaches to carefully exclude the role of contaminating endotoxin. The presence of IL-1 activity in monocyte supernatants and lysates was assayed by the augmentation of PHA-induced proliferation of murine thymocytes. SRBC were opsonized with IgM rabbit(More)