Learn More
Studies comparing the outcome of spontaneous versus IVF twin pregnancies report heterogeneous results. This may depend on differences in the studied populations and/or in the management approach to twin pregnancy. The aim of the present study was to compare both maternal and perinatal outcomes in dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies who where(More)
We reviewed 86 consecutive cases with fetal femur length (FL) below the 10th centile of our reference ranges at midtrimester ultrasonography. Three groups were identified based on perinatal outcome: normal infants (n= 28), newborns with structural and/or chromosomal anomalies (n= 40), small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns (n= 18). Fetuses with skeletal(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a challenge for pregnancy. Its recent classification underlines the importance of its early phases. This study's aim was to evaluate outcomes of pregnancy according to CKD stage versus low-risk pregnancies followed in the same center. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS The prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Low-protein diets are often mentioned but seldom used to slow chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. The aim of the study was to investigate the potential for implementation of a simplified low-protein diet supplemented with alpha-keto analogues (LPD-KA) as part of the routine work-up in CKD patients. METHODS In an implementation study(More)
OBJECTIVE MIF is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in reproduction. Systemic activation of maternal inflammatory cell responses may play an important role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). We hypothesized that MIF could be involved in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN Concentration of immunoreactive MIF was assayed by enzyme-linked immunoassorbent(More)
BACKGROUND Nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) are present in small numbers in the cord blood of healthy fetuses at birth. Acute and chronic stimuli, such as fetal hypoxia, cause increased circulating levels of NRBCs. Manual counting is presently the only way to quantify NRBCs, but it is time-consuming and inaccurate. Recently, automated approaches have been(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Women affected by CKD increasingly choose to get pregnant. Experience with low-protein diets is limited. The aim of this study was to review results obtained from pregnant women with CKD on supplemented vegan-vegetarian low-protein diets. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS This was a single-arm, open intervention study(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing health care problem, affecting 3% of women of childbearing age. AIM This study attempted to systematically review the literature for 2000-2009 on pregnancy in CKD, as a guide for counseling. METHODS Data sources included a Medline search for 2000-2009, employing MESH and free terms on pregnancy and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a high prevalence in pregnancy. In a period of cost constraints, there is the need for identification of the risk pattern and for follow-up. METHODS Patients were staged according to K-DOQI guidelines. The analysis was prospective, January 2000-June 2011. Two hundred and forty-nine pregnancies were observed in(More)
CKD is increasingly prevalent in pregnancy. In the Torino-Cagliari Observational Study (TOCOS), we assessed whether the risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes is associated with CKD by comparing pregnancy outcomes of 504 pregnancies in women with CKD to outcomes of 836 low-risk pregnancies in women without CKD. The presence of hypertension, proteinuria (>1(More)