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The enhanced metabolism of phosphoinositides, which is associated with a wide variety of stimuli and physiological responses, has been studied intensively. Berridge and his collaborators demonstrated that the first measurable reaction following cell membrane receptor activation is a rapid hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2),(More)
The umbilical cord blood derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to vascular regeneration in experimental models of ischaemia. However, their ability to participate in cardiovascular tissue restoration has not been elucidated yet. We employed a novel coculture system to investigate whether human EPCs have the capacity to integrate into living(More)
Wharton's jelly (WJ) is a rich source of multiple-lineage differentiating cells, recently proposed for cell replacement therapy. However, their ability to integrate into the cardiac tissue has not been elucidated, yet. We employed in vitro cardiac transplantation models to investigate the capacity of a novel population of human WJ-derived mesenchymal stem(More)
The nuclear magnetic resonance manganese doping technique is currently used for the determination of the water diffusional exchange time through human erythrocyte membranes. An apparent thermal transition at 26 degrees C was noticed at 18-30 mM manganese doping in the suspending solution. An analysis in terms of a two-phase nuclear spin exchanging system(More)
Water proton transverse relaxation was investigated in whole blood and washed erythrocytes samples, respectively, at various temperatures and manganese concentrations. Water diffusional exchange controls proton relaxation in whole blood samples at higher Mn2+ concentrations (20-30 mM) or in washed erythrocyte samples at low Mn2+ content (1-5 mM). Mn2+(More)
The inhibition of water diffusion across the rat erythrocyte membrane was studied by NMR using two basically different types of inhibitory agents: PCMB and in vivo irradiation. The contribution of lipid and protein to water permeability revealed the inhibitory effect of each pathway. Internal contamination with tritium (25-115 mGy) reduces water(More)
[3H]inositol and 32Pi were simultaneously incorporated into rat parotid phosphatidylinositol. The ratio of [3H]/32Pi incorporation dropped dramatically following stimulation with muscarinic or alpha-adrenergic agonists and returned to control values following the addition of appropriate antagonists. The drop in [3H]/32Pi ratio can be explained by a rapid(More)
The effect of procaine hydrochloride and its metabolites on the diffusional water exchange through erythrocyte membranes was investigated at 37 degrees C and at concentrations ranging between 5 X 10(-5) M and 5 X 10(-1) M by using the NMR manganese doping method. Procaine hydrochloride and 2-diethylaminoethanol have a moderate stimulating effect on the(More)
The effects produced by chronic in vivo tritium contamination on the process of water diffusion across the rat erythrocyte membranes were investigated using an NMR relaxation method. As the level of tritium intake increased, an inhibition of the water permeability was observed, reaching values of 40% for corresponding absorbed doses of about 100 mGy. The(More)
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