Marilena Loizidou

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ABSTRACTNitric oxide (NO) is a pleiotropic regulator, critical to numerous biological processes, including vasodilatation, neurotransmission and macrophage-mediated immunity. The family of nitric oxide synthases (NOS) comprises inducible NOS (iNOS), endothelial NOS (eNOS), and neuronal NOS (nNOS). Interestingly, various studies have shown that all three(More)
BACKGROUND Standard surgical training has traditionally been one of apprenticeship, where the surgical trainee learns to perform surgery under the supervision of a trained surgeon. This is time-consuming, costly, and of variable effectiveness. Training using a virtual reality simulator is an option to supplement standard training. Virtual reality training(More)
Nanoscale drug delivery systems using liposomes and nanoparticles are emerging technologies for the rational delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs in the treatment of cancer. Their use offers improved pharmacokinetic properties, controlled and sustained release of drugs and, more importantly, lower systemic toxicity. The commercial availability of liposomal(More)
The endothelins (ET) are a group of proteins that act through G-protein coupled receptors. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) was initially identified as a potent vasoconstrictor and dysregulation of the ET axis contributes to pathological processes responsible for cardiovascular disease states. More recently, the ET axis, in particular ET-1 acting through the endothelin(More)
The alpha 6/beta 4 complex is a member of the integrin family of adhesion receptors. It is found on a variety of epithelial cell types, but is most strongly expressed on stratified squamous epithelia. Fluorescent antibody staining of human epidermis suggests that the beta 4 subunit is strongly localized to the basal region showing a similar distribution to(More)
The effects of both mechanical trauma and regeneration on the growth of intraportally injected tumor in the rat liver were investigated using two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH). Tumor grew at the excision scar when PH was performed less than 2 days before tumor injection (34/34 animals). However, when the PH was performed 4–7 days before injection, tumor(More)
3D in vitro models have been used in cancer research as a compromise between 2-dimensional cultures of isolated cancer cells and the manufactured complexity of xenografts of human cancers in immunocompromised animal hosts. 3D models can be tailored to be biomimetic and accurately recapitulate the native in vivo scenario in which they are found. These 3D in(More)
Endothelin-1 is a small vasoconstrictor peptide that was first identified in 1988. Here we review the evidence implicating ET-1 in tumorigenesis. In particular, we concentrate on the role of ET-1 in mitogenesis, apoptosis, angiogenesis, tumour invasion and metastasis, and discuss the potential for endothelin-system modulation as an adjuvant therapeutic(More)
The absence of perivascular nerves in tumour vessels suggests that endothelium derived vasoactive substances [nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1)] may be key factors in controlling tumour blood flow during tumour growth and metastasis. We have studied the ultrastructural distribution and immunoreactivity of different NO synthase (NOS) isoforms and(More)
Pegylated liposomal nanocarriers have been developed with the aim of achieving improved uptake of the clinical PDT photosensitiser, m-THPC, into target tissues through increased circulation time and bioavailability. This study investigates the biodistribution and PDT efficacy of m-THPC in its standard formulation (Foscan®) compared to m-THPC incorporated in(More)