Marilena Formato

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The report describes a rapid and simple CE method using LIF detection for the analysis of unsaturated disaccharides obtained from enzymatic depolymerization of plasma chondroitin sulfate (CS) isomers. The disaccharide reducing groups were labeled with 2-aminoacridone (AMAC). The fluorotagged products can be separated by reversed-polarity CE using a sodium(More)
OBJECTIVES Based on previous observations on apolipoprotein(a), apo(a), in human unstable carotid plaques, we explored whether in the inflammatory environment of human atheroma, proteolytic events affect other hepatic and topically generated proteins in relation to the issue of plaque stability. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty unstable and 24 stable plaques(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperhomocysteinemia is an important risk factor for vascular disease and atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms by which homocysteine exerts its deleterious effects are not known. Because oxidation and/or homocysteinylation may increase atherogenicity of LDL, we investigated S-homocysteinylation of LDL as a possible contributor to atherosclerosis(More)
Apolipoproteins are very heterogeneous protein family, implicated in plasma lipoprotein structural stabilization, lipid metabolism, inflammation, or immunity. Obtaining detailed information on apolipoprotein composition and structure may contribute to elucidating lipoprotein roles in atherogenesis and to developing new therapeutic strategies for the(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite the evidence that both homocysteine and cysteine are important risk factors for vascular disease and atherosclerosis no information are reported about their effective amount in plaque and on the relationship with the other low molecular weight thiols. DESIGN AND METHODS We used capillary electrophoresis to measure thiols in both carotid(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental evidence indicates that statins might have direct vascular effects independently from low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol reduction and we reported that the reduction in urinary albumin excretion rate during Simvastatin treatment in type 2 diabetic patients was not correlated with LDL-cholesterol decrease. However in humans(More)
To assess the plasma levels of the inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin, and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) during the menstrual cycle. Eighteen healthy volunteers were divided into two groups according to the presence of ovulatory or anovulatory menstrual cycles. Blood samples were collected at different time points: at the menstrual(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) and glycosaminoglycans (GAG) changes in human plasma and urine during the menstrual cycle, IVF-ET, and pregnancy. DESIGN Prospective clinical study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENT(S) Thirteen women with apparently normal menstrual cycle (group 1); 18 women undergoing IVF-ET(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy may be related to an abnormal metabolism of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). The first manifestation of nephropathy is microalbuminuria, whose appearance indicates a loss of GBM selectivity. The present study evaluated whether GAG excretion becomes abnormal in parallel with microalbuminuria,(More)
OBJECTIVE Several investigations indicate that glycosaminoglycans (GAG) are important components of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and that they play a remarkable role in the control of charge-selectivity in the glomerular capillary wall. In order to evaluate the possible use of GAG as a marker of glomerular disease, we evaluated urinary GAG(More)