Mariko Yohda

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To elucidate the function of group II chaperonin, the gene for the chaperonin from the hyperthermophilic archaeum Thermococcus strain KS-1 was cloned and sequenced. Two distinct genes coding for chaperonin subunits, designated alpha and beta, were obtained, and their deduced amino acid sequences are highly homologous to those of group II chaperonins from(More)
To study the difference in expression of the chaperonin alpha- and beta-subunits in Thermococcus strain KS-1 (T. KS-1), we measured their intracellular contents at various growth temperatures using subunit-specific antibodies. The beta-subunit was significantly more abundant with increasing temperature (maximum at 93 degrees C), whereas the alpha-subunit(More)
The occurrence of free D-amino acids and aspartate racemases in several hyperthermophilic archaea was investigated. Aspartic acid in all the hyperthermophilic archaea was highly racemized. The ratio of D-aspartic acid to total aspartic acid was in the range of 43.0 to 49.1%. The crude extracts of the hyperthermophiles exhibited aspartate racemase activity(More)
The nitrile hydratase (NHase) from Rhodococcus sp. N-771 is a photoreactive enzyme that is inactivated on nitrosylation of the non-heme iron center and activated on photo-dissociation of nitric oxide (NO). The nitrile hydratase operon consists of six genes encoding NHase regulator 2, NHase regulator 1, amidase, NHase alpha subunit, NHase beta subunit and(More)
Aspartate racemase from Streptococcus thermophilus contains no pyridoxal 5'-phosphate or other cofactors such as FAD, NAD+, and metal ions. It was affected by neither carbonyl reagents such as hydroxylamine nor sodium borohydride but was strongly inhibited by iodoacetamide and other thiol reagents. Aspartate, cysteate, and cysteine sulfinate were the only(More)
The gene coding aspartate racemase (EC was cloned from the lactic acid bacteria Streptococcus thermophilus IAM10064 and expressed efficiently in Escherichia coli. The 2.1 kilobase pairs long full length clone had an open reading frame of 729 nucleotides coding for 243 amino acids. The calculated molecular weight of 27,945 agreed well with the(More)
Free D-amino acid content in some archaea was investigated and D-forms of several amino acids were found in them. In the acidothermophilic archaeon, Thermoplasma acidophilum, the proportion of D-aspartate (D-Asp) to total Asp was as high as 39.7%. Crude extracts of Thermoplasma acidophilum had Asp-specific racemase activity that was pyridoxal 5'-phosphate(More)
It has been known that an archaebacterium Methanosarcina barkeri strain MS (DSM 800) has a V-type ATPase (Inatomi, K., et al. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10954-10959). Here, we report cloning of a cluster of F0F1-ATPase genes from the same organism, the first ever found in archaebacteria. The cluster and encoded subunits exhibit several unusual features such(More)
We previously reported the isolation of T.DnaK.DnaJ chaperone complex from Thermus thermophilus. Here, we show that a novel factor is necessary for the assembly of T.DnaK and T.DnaJ into the complex. A dnaK gene cluster of T. thermophilus contained five genes, dnaK-grpE-dnaJ-orf4-clpB. Interestingly, T.DnaJ lacks the whole "cysteine-rich region" that has(More)
The crystal structure analysis of the Fe-type nitrile hydratase from Rhodococcus sp. N-771 revealed the unique structure of the enzyme composed of the alpha- and beta-subunits and the unprecedented structure of the non-heme iron active center [Nagashima, S., et al. (1998) Nat. Struct. Biol. 5, 347-351]. A number of hydration water molecules were identified(More)