Mariko Tomita

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Although the antimicrobial activity of lactoferrin has been well described, its mechanism of action has been poorly characterized. Recent work has indicated that in addition to binding iron, human lactoferrin damages the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria. In this study, we determined whether bovine lactoferrin and a pepsin-derived bovine lactoferrin(More)
Although hepatic injury is reported in cases with dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome, its mechanism remains poorly understood. Several findings suggest that dengue virus (DEN) induces apoptosis of hepatocytes in vivo. In this work, DEN type 2 (DEN-2) strain NGC was shown to induce apoptosis in the hepatic cell line HepG2, and infection of(More)
BACKGROUND Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), the etiologic agent for adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), induces cytokine-independent proliferation of T-cells, associated with the acquisition of constitutive activation of Janus kinases (Jak) and signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stat) proteins. Our purposes in this study were to(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the pathogen that causes the aggressive and lethal malignancy of CD4+ T-lymphocytes called adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of short, noncoding RNAs, regulate gene expression by targeting mRNAs for translational repression or cleavage. miRNAs are involved in many aspects of(More)
BACKGROUND Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) is associated with pulmonary diseases, characterized by bronchoalveolar lymphocytosis, which correlates with HTLV-I proviral DNA in carriers. HTLV-I Tax seems to be involved in the development of such pulmonary diseases through the local production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in T cells.(More)
BACKGROUND The inflammatory response in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric tissue is mediated by cag pathogenicity island (PAI)-dependent activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling is known to play a role in NF-kappaB activation, but little information is available on the relationship between H.(More)
BACKGROUND Caloric restriction (CR), a lowering of caloric intake without malnutrition, is associated with longevity. CR also decreases incidences of age-related diseases including cancer. The sirtuins (SIRTs) have been implicated as a key mediator for the beneficial effects of CR on longevity. However, the underlying mechanisms by which CR decreases cancer(More)
Article retracted Retraction After lengthy investigation by the editors, the original article [1] has been retracted because of inappropriate duplication of images from previously published articles. The last author, Naoki Mori takes full responsibility and apologizes for any inconvenience caused. N: NF-κB activation by Helicobacter pylori requires(More)
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