Mariko Tomita

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Although hepatic injury is reported in cases with dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome, its mechanism remains poorly understood. Several findings suggest that dengue virus (DEN) induces apoptosis of hepatocytes in vivo. In this work, DEN type 2 (DEN-2) strain NGC was shown to induce apoptosis in the hepatic cell line HepG2, and infection of(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is a fatal malignancy of T lymphocytes caused by human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection and remains incurable. Carotenoids are a family of natural pigments and have several biological functions. Among carotenoids, fucoxanthin is known to have antitumorigenic activity, but the precise mechanism of action is not(More)
Survivin, a unique member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, is overexpressed in many cancers and considered to play an important role in oncogenesis. We previously reported the survivin expression profile in ATL, a CD4-positive T-cell malignancy caused by HTLV-I. HTLV-I Tax is thought to play an important role in immortalization of T cells. We(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is a fatal malignancy of T lymphocytes caused by infection with human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) and remains incurable. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), the major pigment of the spice turmeric, can be potentially effective by promoting cell apoptosis. Here we examined whether curcumin is effective in the treatment of ATL.(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), which is an aggressive and fatal CD4(+) T cell malignancy. MicroRNA (miRNA), a novel class of RNA that regulates gene expression, is involved in many cellular processes such as growth, development and apoptosis. It has recently been linked to several cancer(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is caused by human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and remains incurable. The highest endemic area of HTLV-1 carriers in Japan is located in Okinawa, and novel treatments are urgently needed in this area. We extracted fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide, from the brown seaweed Cladosiphon okamuranus Tokida cultivated in(More)
HTLV-I is the etiologic agent of ATL and of tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I-associated myelopathy. Infiltration of various tissues by circulating leukemic cells and HTLV-I-infected T cells is a characteristic of ATL and HTLV-I-associated inflammatory diseases. Chemokines play important roles in migration and tissue localization of various lymphocyte(More)
CONTEXT Autoimmune thyroid diseases have been reported to be associated with human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) infection. HTLV-I proviral load is related to the development of HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis and has also been shown to be elevated in the peripheral blood of HTLV-I-infected patients with uveitis, arthritis,(More)
Activation of the activator protein 1 (AP-1) plays a critical role in oncogenesis by human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), the etiologic agent of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), and is required for maintenance of the malignant phenotype. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), the major pigment of the spice turmeric, has anti-tumor activity; however, the effect(More)
Chromated copper arsenate, which is used worldwide as a wood preservative, can adversely affect human health. Accumulating evidence suggests that chromium (Cr) and arsenic (As) can potentially disrupt the redox balance and cause respiratory diseases and cancer in humans. The present study was designed to determine the combined toxic effects of these metals(More)