Mariko Onishi

Learn More
Free L-proline was hydroxylated to free L-hydroxyproline by cell free extract of Streptomyces griseoviridus P8648. The hydroxylation reaction required ferrous ion, 2-ketoglutarate and ascorbate. Zinc ion, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and alpha,alpha'-dipyridyl inhibited the reaction. Optimum temperature and pH were 25.0 degrees C and 7.5, respectively.
Crude drugs expected to have an estrogenic effect were screened for their inhibitory activity on testosterone 5α-reductase. Testosterone 5α-reductase is an enzyme catalyzing the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, which possesses high affinity for the androgen receptor. Among the crude drugs tested, we focused on Puerariae Flos (the flowers(More)
Many hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic episodes associated with clinical use of gatifloxacin (GFLX), a novel fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agent, have been reported in recent years. Some have reported hypoglycemia induced by fluoroquinolones, indicating that these agents may stimulate insulin secretion from pancreatic islet cells. In this study, we(More)
The authors investigated the DNA methylation patterns of the E-cadherin, Connexin 26 (Cx26), Rassf1a and c-fos genes in the early phase of rat hepatocarcinogenesis induced by a choline-deficient L-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet. Six-week-old F344 male rats were continuously fed with the CDAA diet, and three animals were then killed at each of 4 and 8 days(More)
To assess the involvement of the TSLC cascade in hepatocarcinogenesis, we investigated the expression and DNA methylation patterns of the genes Tslc1 and Dal-1 in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) induced using N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN) in rats. Six-week-old male F344 rats received a single intraperitoneal injection of DEN at a dose of 10 mg/kg body weight,(More)
We investigated DNA methylation patterns of E-cadherin and Connexin26 (Cx26) genes in rat hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) induced by a choline-deficient L-Amino Acid-defined (CDAA) diet. Six-wks-old F344 male rats were continuously fed with a CDAA diet for 75 wks, and were then killed. A total of five HCCs were obtained, and genomic DNA was extracted from(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipid that stimulates cell proliferation, migration, and protects cells from apoptosis. It interacts with specific G protein-coupled transmembrane receptors. Recently, it has been reported that alterations of LPA receptor expression might be important in the malignant transformation of tumor cells.(More)
To determine if the Tslc1 gene is involved in pancreatic carcinogenesis, the expression level of Tslc1 and the DNA methylation status of its 5' upstream region were investigated in pancreatic duct adenocarcinomas (PDAs) induced in hamsters by N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP). Female Syrian golden hamsters received 70 mg/kg of BOP followed by repeated(More)
Topical administration of Rosmarinus officinalis leaf extract (RO-ext, 2 mg/day/mouse) improved hair regrowth in C57BL/6NCrSlc mice that experienced hair regrowth interruption induced by testosterone treatment. In addition, RO-ext promoted hair growth in C3H/He mice that had their dorsal areas shaved. To investigate the antiandrogenic activity mechanism of(More)
TSLC1 gene inactivation due to promoter methylation has been reported in several human cancers. Here, we investigated the expression of the Tslc1 gene and its methylation pattern in lung adenocarcinomas induced by N-nitrosobis(2-hydroxypropyl)amine (BHP). Six-week-old male Wistar rats were given 2000 ppm BHP in their drinking water for 12 weeks and(More)