Mariko Nakamagoe

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Excessive calcium entry into cells leads to cell death, and voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) are responsible for the calcium entry in the central nervous system. VGCC blockers inhibit excessive calcium entry and protect the central nervous system against various types of injury. The purpose of the present study was to identify the type of calcium(More)
Gentamicin induces outer hair cell death through the apoptotic pathway. It has been reported that this death pathway of outer hair cells is mediated by specific apoptotic enzymes including c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and caspases. 17beta-Estradiol (E2), the most potent estrogen, is known to function as an antiapoptotic agent to prevent the death of(More)
Sphingolipid metabolites inducing ceramide, sphingosine, and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) play important roles in the regulation of cell proliferation, survival, and death. Aminoglycoside antibiotics including gentamicin induce inner ear hair cell loss and sensorineural hearing loss. Apoptotic cell death is considered to play a key role in this injury. The(More)
Ceramide, a sphingolipid metabolite, regulates diverse cellular processes including apoptosis, cell senescence, the cell cycle, and cellular differentiation. Exogenously administered ceramide reportedly increased cochlear hair cell death due to gentamicin-induced ototoxicity. Ceramide is mainly generated via a ceramide/sphingomyelin cycle by(More)
Aminoglycosides, cisplatin, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used pharmacological agents. There is a possibility, however, that the use of these agents may induce transient or permanent hearing loss and tinnitus as side effects. Recent animal studies have clarified mechanisms leading to the ototoxicity induced by these agents,(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a sphingolipid metabolite that regulates various critical biological processes, such as cell proliferation, survival, migration, and angiogenesis. The action of S1P is exerted by its binding to 5 specific G protein-coupled S1P receptors (S1PR), S1PR1-S1PR5. Aminoglycoside antibiotics including gentamicin induce cochlear hair(More)
Dysfunction of the cochlea causes sensorineural hearing loss. Glucocorticoids have been clinically applied for sensorineural hearing loss of sudden onset, including idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss, acoustic injury, Meniere's disease, and immune-mediated hearing loss. However, clinical studies on sudden sensorineural hearing loss have revealed(More)
As neuroactive steroids, sex steroid hormones have non-reproductive effects. We previously reported that 17β-estradiol (βE2) had protective effects against gentamicin (GM) ototoxicity in the cochlea. In the present study, we examined whether the protective action of βE2 on GM ototoxicity is mediated by the estrogen receptor (ER) and whether other estrogens(More)
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